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Forests 2017, 8(3), 53; doi:10.3390/f8030053

Revitalizing REDD+ Policy Processes in Vietnam: The Roles of State and Non-State Actors

School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville 3010 VIC, Australia
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Academic Editors: Esteve Corbera and Heike Schroeder
Received: 31 October 2016 / Revised: 27 January 2017 / Accepted: 14 February 2017 / Published: 24 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue REDD+: Politics, Interplays and Impacts)
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Abstract

Vietnam was one of the first countries to introduce the National REDD+ (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) Action Program in 2012. The country has recently revised the Program to aim for a more inclusive 2016–2020 strategy and a vision to 2030. This study explores how Vietnam policy actors view REDD+ policy development and their influence in these processes. The results can contribute to the discussion on how policy actors can effectively influence policy processes in the evolving context of REDD+ and in the types of political arrangements represented in Vietnam. We examined the influence of state and non-state actors on the 2012 National REDD+ Action Program (NRAP) processes, and explored factors that may have shaped this influence, using a combination of document analysis and semi-structured interviews with 81 policy actors. It was found that non-state actors in REDD+ are still on the periphery of decision making, occupying “safe” positions, and have not taken either full advantage of their capacities, or of recent significant changes in the contemporary policy environment, to exert stronger influence on policy. We suggest that REDD+ policy processes in Vietnam need to be revitalized with key actors engaging collectively to promote the possibilities of REDD+ within a broader view of social change that reaches beyond the forestry sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vietnam; REDD+ policy; REDD+ governance; non-state actors in REDD+ Vietnam; REDD+ policy; REDD+ governance; non-state actors in REDD+
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Huynh, T.B.; Keenan, R.J. Revitalizing REDD+ Policy Processes in Vietnam: The Roles of State and Non-State Actors. Forests 2017, 8, 53.

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