Next Article in Journal
Emerging Needle Blight Diseases in Atlantic Pinus Ecosystems of Spain
Next Article in Special Issue
Livelihoods and Land Uses in Environmental Policy Approaches: The Case of PES and REDD+ in the Lam Dong Province of Vietnam
Previous Article in Journal
Differentiation of Alternate Harvesting Practices Using Annual Time Series of Landsat Data
Previous Article in Special Issue
Does the ‘One Map Initiative’ Represent a New Path for Forest Mapping in Indonesia? Assessing the Contribution of the REDD+ Initiative in Effecting Forest Governance Reform
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Forests 2017, 8(1), 17;

Evolving Protected-Area Impacts in Mexico: Political Shifts as Suggested by Impact Evaluations

Duke University, 302 Towerview Drive, Durham NC 27708, USA
University of Wisconsin, 1220 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706, USA
Microsoft Research, One Microsoft Way, Redmond, WA 98052, USA
Co-lead authors.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Esteve Corbera and Heike Schroeder
Received: 8 October 2016 / Revised: 15 December 2016 / Accepted: 22 December 2016 / Published: 29 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue REDD+ Crossroads Post Paris: Politics, Lessons and Interplays)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [855 KB, uploaded 29 December 2016]   |  


For protected areas (PAs), variation in forest impacts over space—including types of PA—are increasingly well documented, while shifts in impacts over time receive less attention. For Mexico, in the 1990s, PAs effectively were ‘paper parks’. Thus, achieving impacts on the forest would require shifts over time in the politics of PA siting and PA implementation. We rigorously analyze the impacts of Mexican PAs on 2000–2005 loss of natural land cover, using matching to reduce location bias caused by typical land-use economics and politics. We find a 3.2% lower loss, on average, due to PAs. Since politics often vary by type of PA, we also show that in Mexico stricter PAs are closer to cities and have greater impact than mixed-use PAs. These shifts in impacts suggest some potential for PAs to conserve forests. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mexico; deforestation; conservation; protected areas; impact evaluation; matching Mexico; deforestation; conservation; protected areas; impact evaluation; matching

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Pfaff, A.; Santiago-Ávila, F.; Joppa, L. Evolving Protected-Area Impacts in Mexico: Political Shifts as Suggested by Impact Evaluations. Forests 2017, 8, 17.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Forests EISSN 1999-4907 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top