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Forests 2016, 7(5), 97; doi:10.3390/f7050097

A Decade Trend of Total Factor Productivity of Key State-Owned Forestry Enterprises in China

1
College of Economics and Management, Nanjing Forestry University, No. 159, Longpan Road, Nanjing 210037, China
2
Center for the Yangtze River Delta’s Socioeconomic Development, Nanjing University, No. 22, Hankou Road, Nanjing 210093, China
3
Research Center for Economics and Trade in Forest Products of the State Forestry Administration, No. 159, Longpan Road, Nanjing 210037, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Thomas J. Straka and Eric J. Jokela
Received: 29 February 2016 / Revised: 4 April 2016 / Accepted: 26 April 2016 / Published: 29 April 2016
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Abstract

State-owned forestry enterprises are important elements of the forestry economy in China. The operational efficiency of such enterprises depends on technological progress and other input factors. Total factor productivity (TFP) is an important means to evaluate the efficiency of technical elements. The growth of production efficiency can be classified into efficiency variation and technical variation. The TFP of 135 key state-owned forestry enterprises in the northeast, southwest, and northwest regions of China in 2001–2011 was measured through Malmquist–data envelopment analysis. The technological progress of the state-owned forestry enterprises positively affected TFP variation, but technical efficiency only slightly increased and scale efficiency even negatively affected TFP variation. The average growth rate of TFP in the northwest region is higher than those in the northeast and southwest regions. The Western Development Program of China increasingly contributes to the economic development of western areas. The increasing investment of the government in science and technology accelerates the development of forestry economy in China. View Full-Text
Keywords: key state-owned forestry enterprise; total factor productivity; Malmquist–DEA model; China key state-owned forestry enterprise; total factor productivity; Malmquist–DEA model; China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Yang, H.; Yuan, T.; Zhang, X.; Li, S. A Decade Trend of Total Factor Productivity of Key State-Owned Forestry Enterprises in China. Forests 2016, 7, 97.

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