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Forests 2016, 7(5), 104; doi:10.3390/f7050104

Joining Criteria for Harmonizing European Forest Available for Wood Supply Estimates. Case Studies from National Forest Inventories

1
Scientific Service NFI, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Zürcherstrasse 111, Birmensdorf 8903, Switzerland
2
Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l’analisi dell’economia agraria—Unità di Ricerca per il Monitoraggio e la Pianificazione Forestale (CRA-MPF), p.zza Nicolini 6, Trento 38123, Italy
3
Department of Forest Resource Management Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU), Umeå SE 90183, Sweden
4
Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Johnstown Castle, Co. Wexford Y35 PN52, Ireland
5
INIA-CIFOR. Departamento Selvicultura y Gestión de los Sistemas Forestales. Ctra. La Coruña km. 7.5. Madrid 28040, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Philip G. Comeau and Timothy A. Martin
Received: 8 April 2016 / Revised: 1 May 2016 / Accepted: 9 May 2016 / Published: 12 May 2016
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Abstract

For national and international reporting on forest available for wood supply (FAWS), harmonized data are needed. This information is required as forests provide goods for various sectors like the timber industry or the bioenergy sector. The effect of applying different thresholds to the three restriction classes (environmental, social and economic restriction) within the proposed reference definition for FAWS was evaluated. We applied the reference definition for FAWS to national data sets provided by five European National Forest Inventories using harmonized thresholds. The effects on FAWS area and growing stock were evaluated for each restriction and threshold. All countries within this study could report on protected areas. Social restrictions were not applied in any country, data on other restrictions are available but definitions vary. The application of common thresholds for restrictions proved difficult as effects vary between countries. The economic restriction is the most challenging to assess as many countries do not have corresponding data for direct calculation of, e.g., harvesting costs. Using proxies for harvesting costs was difficult, as common thresholds may not be applied in different countries. For standardized reporting, a FAWS definition should be developed that utilizes existing, harmonized indicators to describe restrictions. View Full-Text
Keywords: forest area; wood resources; wood supply; economic; environmental; social; restriction forest area; wood resources; wood supply; economic; environmental; social; restriction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fischer, C.; Gasparini, P.; Nylander, M.; Redmond, J.; Hernandez, L.; Brändli, U.-B.; Pastor, A.; Rizzo, M.; Alberdi, I. Joining Criteria for Harmonizing European Forest Available for Wood Supply Estimates. Case Studies from National Forest Inventories. Forests 2016, 7, 104.

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