Modeling Ecohydrological Processes and Spatial Patterns in the Upper Heihe Basin in China
AbstractThe Heihe River is the second largest inland basin in China; runoff in the upper reach greatly affects the socio-economic development in the downstream area. The relationship between spatial vegetation patterns and catchment hydrological processes in the upper Heihe basin has remained unclear to date. In this study, a distributed ecohydrological model is developed to simulate the hydrological processes with vegetation dynamics in the upper Heihe basin. The model is validated by hydrological observations at three locations and soil moisture observations at a watershed scale. Based on the simulated results, the basin water balance characteristics and their relationship with the vegetation patterns are analyzed. The mean annual precipitation and runoff increase with the elevation in a similar pattern. Spatial patterns of the actual evapotranspiration is mainly controlled by the precipitation and air temperature. At the same time, vegetation distribution enhances the spatial variability of the actual evapotranspiration. The highest actual evapotranspiration is around elevations of 3000–3600 m, where shrub and alpine meadow are the two dominant vegetation types. The results show the mutual interaction between vegetation dynamics and hydrological processes. Alpine sparse vegetation and alpine meadow dominate the high-altitude regions, which contribute most to the river runoff, and forests and shrub contribute relatively small amounts of water yield. View Full-Text
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Gao, B.; Qin, Y.; Wang, Y.; Yang, D.; Zheng, Y. Modeling Ecohydrological Processes and Spatial Patterns in the Upper Heihe Basin in China. Forests 2016, 7, 10.
Gao B, Qin Y, Wang Y, Yang D, Zheng Y. Modeling Ecohydrological Processes and Spatial Patterns in the Upper Heihe Basin in China. Forests. 2016; 7(1):10.Chicago/Turabian Style
Gao, Bing; Qin, Yue; Wang, Yuhan; Yang, Dawen; Zheng, Yuanrun. 2016. "Modeling Ecohydrological Processes and Spatial Patterns in the Upper Heihe Basin in China." Forests 7, no. 1: 10.
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