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Forests 2015, 6(6), 2092-2108; doi:10.3390/f6062092

Simulating the Effect of Climate Change on Vegetation Zone Distribution on the Loess Plateau, Northwest China

1,2
,
1,2
,
3
and
1,2,*
1
State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on Loess Plateau, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
2
Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling 712100, China
3
State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100093, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sune Linder and Eric J. Jokela
Received: 1 April 2015 / Revised: 17 May 2015 / Accepted: 4 June 2015 / Published: 11 June 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [13944 KB, uploaded 11 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

A risk assessment of vegetation zone responses to climate change was conducted using the classical Holdridge life zone model on the Loess Plateau of Northwest China. The results show that there are currently ten vegetation zones occurring on the Loess Plateau (1950–2000), including alvar desert, alpine wet tundra, alpine rain tundra, boreal moist forest, boreal wet forest, cool temperate desert, cool temperate desert scrub, cool temperate steppe, cool temperate moist forest, warm temperate desert scrub, warm temperate thorn steppe, and warm temperate dry forest. Seventy years later (2070S), the alvar desert, the alpine wet tundra and the cool temperate desert will disappear, while warm temperate desert scrub and warm temperate thorn steppe will emerge. The area proportion of warm temperate dry forest will expand from 12.2% to 22.8%–37.2%, while that of cool temperate moist forest will decrease from 18.5% to 6.9%–9.5%. The area proportion of cool temperate steppe will decrease from 51.8% to 34.5%–51.6%. Our results suggest that future climate change will be conducive to the growth and expansion of forest zones on the Loess Plateau, which can provide valuable reference information for regional vegetation restoration planning and adaptive strategies in this region. View Full-Text
Keywords: vegetation zone; climate change; Holdridge life zone; vegetation mapping vegetation zone; climate change; Holdridge life zone; vegetation mapping
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Li, G.; Wen, Z.; Guo, K.; Du, S. Simulating the Effect of Climate Change on Vegetation Zone Distribution on the Loess Plateau, Northwest China. Forests 2015, 6, 2092-2108.

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