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Forests 2014, 5(7), 1596-1617; doi:10.3390/f5071596
Article

Options for a National Framework for Benefit Distribution and Their Relation to Community-Based and National REDD+ Monitoring

1,2,* , 3
, 4
, 5
, 6
, 7
 and 1,2
1 Centro de Investigaciones en Geografía Ambiental, Universidad Autonoma de Mexico, Campus Morelia, CP 58190 Morelia, Mexico 2 Twente Centre for Studies in Technology and Sustainable Development, University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands 3 Department of Forest and Nature Conservation Policy Group, Wageningen University, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands 4 Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands 5 Laboratory of Geo-Information Science and Remote Sensing, Wageningen University, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands 6 Tjeerd Wits Consultancy, 1093 NA Amsterdam, The Netherlands 7 IUCN National Committee of The Netherlands, 1081 DD Amsterdam, The Netherlands
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 April 2014 / Revised: 17 June 2014 / Accepted: 23 June 2014 / Published: 8 July 2014
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Abstract

Monitoring is a central element in the implementation of national REDD+ and may be essential in providing the data needed to support benefit distribution. We discuss the options for benefit sharing systems in terms of technical feasibility and political acceptability in respect of equity considerations, and the kind of data that would be needed for the different options. We contrast output-based distribution systems, in which rewards are distributed according to performance measured in terms of carbon impacts, with input-based systems in which performance is measured in term of compliance with prescribed REDD+ activities. Output-based systems, which would require regular community carbon inventories to produce Tier 3 data locally, face various challenges particularly for the case of assessing avoided deforestation, and they may not be perceived as equitable. Input-based systems would require data on activities undertaken rather than change in stocks; this information could come from community-acquired data. We also consider how community monitored data could support national forest monitoring systems and the further development of national REDD+.
Keywords: benefit sharing; input-based distribution; output based distribution; equity; community monitoring; link to national MRV benefit sharing; input-based distribution; output based distribution; equity; community monitoring; link to national MRV
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Skutsch, M.; Turnhout, E.; Vijge, M.J.; Herold, M.; Wits, T.; den Besten, J.W.; Torres, A.B. Options for a National Framework for Benefit Distribution and Their Relation to Community-Based and National REDD+ Monitoring. Forests 2014, 5, 1596-1617.

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