Next Article in Journal
Plant Invasions: Symptoms and Contributors Rather Than Causes of Environmental Degradation
Next Article in Special Issue
Spatial and Temporal Responses to an Emissions Trading Scheme Covering Agriculture and Forestry: Simulation Results from New Zealand
Previous Article in Journal
Industrial Round-Wood Damage and Operational Efficiency Losses Associated with the Maintenance of a Single-Grip Harvester Head Model: A Case Study in Russia
Previous Article in Special Issue
Greenhouse Gas Balance of Native Forests in New South Wales, Australia
Forests 2012, 3(4), 881-895; doi:10.3390/f3040881

Can REDD+ Save the Forest? The Role of Payments and Tenure

*  and
Department of Economics and Finance, University of Wyoming, 1000 E University Ave., Laramie, WY 82071, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 August 2012 / Revised: 28 August 2012 / Accepted: 19 September 2012 / Published: 1 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Forests for Carbon Capture and Storage)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [224 KB, uploaded 1 October 2012]   |   Browse Figure


A recent policy response to halting global forest deforestation and degradation, and any resulting greenhouse gas emissions is REDD+, which also includes the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks. Although still in its infancy, the success of REDD+ will depend significantly on whether it can be economically viable and if any resulting payments are sufficient to cover the opportunity cost plus any transaction cost. Where tenure security over forest is weak, REDD+ can pose a risk for forest communities, who could be dispossessed, excluded and marginalized. This review of existing studies explores how payment for avoided deforestation, and forest tenure impact the success of REDD+ projects in terms of effectiveness, efficiency and equity. Effectiveness refers to the difference between deforestation with and without REDD+, efficiency refers to avoiding deforestation at minimal cost, and equity refers to the implication of REDD+ on benefit sharing. We conclude that the potential success or failure of REDD+ as a means to reduce deforestation and carbon emission on forest commons depends critically on designing projects that work within existing informal tenure institutions to ensure that carbon storage benefits align with livelihood benefits.
Keywords: REDD+; tenure security; deforestation; forest management; payment for ecosystem services REDD+; tenure security; deforestation; forest management; payment for ecosystem services
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
MDPI and ACS Style

Barbier, E.B.; Tesfaw, A.T. Can REDD+ Save the Forest? The Role of Payments and Tenure. Forests 2012, 3, 881-895.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


Cited By

[Return to top]
Forests EISSN 1999-4907 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert