Forests 2012, 3(1), 114-126; doi:10.3390/f3010114
Review

Sector Sampling—Synthesis and Applications

1 Nick Smith Forest Consulting, 3332 Kite Way, Nanaimo, BC V9T 3Z2, Canada 2 Kim Iles and Associates, 412 Valley Place, Nanaimo, BC V9R 6A6, Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 February 2012; in revised form: 11 March 2012 / Accepted: 15 March 2012 / Published: 20 March 2012
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Abstract: Sector sampling is a new and simple approach to sampling objects or borders. This approach would be especially useful for sampling objects in small discrete areas or “polygons” with lots of internal or external edge, but it may be extended to sampling any object regardless of polygon size. Sector plots are wedge-shaped with a fixed sector angle. The probability of object selection is constant and equal to the sector angle in degrees divided by 360°. A unique property of sector sampling is that the point from which the angle originates may be located subjectively when the sector direction is at random. Another advantage over traditional sampling (such as fixed or variable area plots) is that there is no edge effect; that is, there is no altering of selection probabilities of objects close to polygon boundaries. Various approaches are described for deriving polygon means and totals with their associated variances. We review the genesis of sector sampling and develop two new components: sub-sampling using fixed area plots and line sampling using the sector arcs as transects. Sector sampling may be extended to measuring a variety of objects such as trees, shrubs, plants, birds, animal trails and polygon borders.
Keywords: sector sampling; edge effect; subjective plot location; coarse woody debris; linear objects

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MDPI and ACS Style

Smith, N.J.; Iles, K. Sector Sampling—Synthesis and Applications. Forests 2012, 3, 114-126.

AMA Style

Smith NJ, Iles K. Sector Sampling—Synthesis and Applications. Forests. 2012; 3(1):114-126.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Smith, Nicholas J.; Iles, Kim. 2012. "Sector Sampling—Synthesis and Applications." Forests 3, no. 1: 114-126.

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