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Forests 2012, 3(1), 1-21;

Latent Demand and Time Contextual Constraints to Outdoor Recreation in Sweden

Department of Tourism, Mid-Sweden University, Östersund 83125, Sweden
Swedish National Institute of Public Health, Östersund 83140, Sweden
School of Outdoor Recreation, Parks & Tourism, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, ON P7B 5E1, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 September 2011 / Revised: 1 December 2011 / Accepted: 19 December 2011 / Published: 23 December 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Expanding Forests’ Benefits: Forest-based Recreation and Tourism)
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This study analyzes the latent demand to outdoor recreation participation and identifies what factors are constraining people from realizing this demand. In Sweden, recreation in the outdoors is seen as a public right as articulated in public policy and much of the outdoor recreation centre around forested landscapes—over 60 percent of the land area is classified as forest. Using data from a nationwide survey of 43 recreation activities, the study takes a time-contextual approach to reveal variations in recreation constraints across weekdays, weekends and holidays. Results show that almost half the population has a latent demand to increase their participation in outdoor recreation. Three categories of time contextual constraints are identified and several of the constraints studied show variations across outdoor activities and socio-economic factors. Practical implications for the promotion of outdoor recreation participation by public agencies, recreation managers and tourism businesses are discussed based on the study findings. View Full-Text
Keywords: recreation; demand; constraints; national survey recreation; demand; constraints; national survey

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Fredman, P.; Romild, U.; Yuan, M.; Wolf-Watz, D. Latent Demand and Time Contextual Constraints to Outdoor Recreation in Sweden. Forests 2012, 3, 1-21.

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