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People, Governance and Forests—The Stumbling Blocks in Forest Governance Reform in Latin America
Forests 2011, 2(1), 200-217; doi:10.3390/f2010200

Sustainable Forest Management and Carbon in Tropical Latin America: The Case for REDD+

1,* , 2
1 Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Jalan CIFOR, Situ Gede, Bogor, 16115, Indonesia 2 University of Florida, 209 Carr Hall, P.O. Box 118526, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA 3 CIFOR, Rua do Russel, 450/sala 601, Bairro, Glória, CEP 22.210-010, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 4 National Forestry Commission of Mexico (CONAFOR), CP 45019, Periférico Poniente, 5360 Zapopan, Jalisco, Mexico
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 November 2010 / Revised: 13 January 2011 / Accepted: 20 January 2011 / Published: 1 February 2011
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In this review paper, we assess the economical, governance, and technical conditions that shape forest management in tropical Latin America with particular regard to efforts to reduce forest-based carbon emissions. We provide a framework for discussions about ways to improve forest management that achieve environmental objectives while promoting local and national development and contributing to local livelihoods. We argue that many management practices that lead towards sustainability are only likely to be adopted where there is good governance backed by financial incentives for effective enforcement of management regulations. We propose some policy interventions designed to lower net greenhouse gas emissions by decreasing rates of forest degradation and increasing carbon stock recovery in logged-over or otherwise degraded forests. Implementation of REDD+ could provide critical compensation to forest users for improved management practices in the absence of, or in combination with other economic incentives.
Keywords: sustainable forest management; forest policies; REDD+; Latin America   sustainable forest management; forest policies; REDD+; Latin America  
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Nasi, R.; Putz, F.E.; Pacheco, P.; Wunder, S.; Anta, S. Sustainable Forest Management and Carbon in Tropical Latin America: The Case for REDD+. Forests 2011, 2, 200-217.

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