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Algorithms 2009, 2(3), 973-1007; doi:10.3390/algor2030973
Review

Advances in Artificial Neural Networks – Methodological Development and Application

Received: 1 July 2009; in revised form: 24 July 2009 / Accepted: 28 July 2009 / Published: 3 August 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neural Networks and Sensors)
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Abstract: Artificial neural networks as a major soft-computing technology have been extensively studied and applied during the last three decades. Research on backpropagation training algorithms for multilayer perceptron networks has spurred development of other neural network training algorithms for other networks such as radial basis function, recurrent network, feedback network, and unsupervised Kohonen self-organizing network. These networks, especially the multilayer perceptron network with a backpropagation training algorithm, have gained recognition in research and applications in various scientific and engineering areas. In order to accelerate the training process and overcome data over-fitting, research has been conducted to improve the backpropagation algorithm. Further, artificial neural networks have been integrated with other advanced methods such as fuzzy logic and wavelet analysis, to enhance the ability of data interpretation and modeling and to avoid subjectivity in the operation of the training algorithm. In recent years, support vector machines have emerged as a set of high-performance supervised generalized linear classifiers in parallel with artificial neural networks. A review on development history of artificial neural networks is presented and the standard architectures and algorithms of artificial neural networks are described. Furthermore, advanced artificial neural networks will be introduced with support vector machines, and limitations of ANNs will be identified. The future of artificial neural network development in tandem with support vector machines will be discussed in conjunction with further applications to food science and engineering, soil and water relationship for crop management, and decision support for precision agriculture. Along with the network structures and training algorithms, the applications of artificial neural networks will be reviewed as well, especially in the fields of agricultural and biological engineering.
Keywords: artificial neural networks; backpropagation; training algorithm; neuro-fuzzy; wavelet; support vector machines artificial neural networks; backpropagation; training algorithm; neuro-fuzzy; wavelet; support vector machines
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, Y. Advances in Artificial Neural Networks – Methodological Development and Application. Algorithms 2009, 2, 973-1007.

AMA Style

Huang Y. Advances in Artificial Neural Networks – Methodological Development and Application. Algorithms. 2009; 2(3):973-1007.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huang, Yanbo. 2009. "Advances in Artificial Neural Networks – Methodological Development and Application." Algorithms 2, no. 3: 973-1007.

Algorithms EISSN 1999-4893 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert