Next Article in Journal
Design of Friction Stir Spot Welding Tools by Using a Novel Thermal-Mechanical Approach
Previous Article in Journal
Fabrication, Polarization of Electrospun Polyvinylidene Fluoride Electret Fibers and Effect on Capturing Nanoscale Solid Aerosols
Article Menu
Issue 8 (August) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Materials 2016, 9(8), 678; doi:10.3390/ma9080678

Chemical and Structural Characterization of Several Mid-Term Explanted Breast Prostheses

1
Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche, Complesso Universitario di Monte Sant’Angelo, Via Cinthia, Napoli 80100, Italy
2
CNR-IMM, Istituto per la Microelettronica e Microsistemi, Unità di Napoli, Via P. Castellino 111, Napoli 80131, Italy
3
Dipartimento di Patologia Sistematica, University of Napoli “Federico II”, Via S. Pansini 5, Napoli 80131, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marco Salerno
Received: 20 June 2016 / Revised: 15 July 2016 / Accepted: 2 August 2016 / Published: 9 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Biomaterials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [969 KB, uploaded 9 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

The recent scandal of poly implant prostheses (PIP), which were found in some cases to be made of non-medical grade silicone (as reported by the European Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks), had a great social impact. Thousands of patients asked for implant removal with significant costs for public health care systems. We analysed, by a multidisciplinary approach, sixteen different breast implants after explantation by using several analytical and structural techniques, such as Fourier Transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), mass spectrometry equipped by ion coupled plasma (ICP-MS), gas-chromatography (GC-MS), and tensile testing. Traces of organic (fatty acid) and inorganic (Fe, Cr, Pt, Na, and other metals) substances were found in all samples, and, even if these values are under danger threshold levels, our study results highlight the possibility of bioaccumulation and tissue contamination, implying the need for continuous medical surveillance and monitoring of material aging. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast implants; organic and inorganic contamination; materials science breast implants; organic and inorganic contamination; materials science
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Amoresano, A.; De Stefano, L.; Rea, I.; Pane, F.; Birolo, L.; Schonauer, F. Chemical and Structural Characterization of Several Mid-Term Explanted Breast Prostheses. Materials 2016, 9, 678.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top