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Materials 2016, 9(8), 610; doi:10.3390/ma9080610

Weathering Characteristics of Wood Plastic Composites Reinforced with Extracted or Delignified Wood Flour

1
MOE Key Laboratory of Wooden Material Science and Application, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
2
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, One Gifford Pinchot Drive, Madison, WI 53726-2398, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jaroslaw W. Drelich
Received: 18 April 2016 / Revised: 25 June 2016 / Accepted: 18 July 2016 / Published: 23 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Biomaterials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7133 KB, uploaded 23 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

This study investigated weathering performance of an HDPE wood plastic composite reinforced with extracted or delignified wood flour (WF). The wood flour was pre-extracted with three different solvents, toluene/ethanol (TE), acetone/water (AW), and hot water (HW), or sodium chlorite/acetic acid. The spectral properties of the composites before and after artificial weathering under accelerated conditions were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, the surface color parameters were analyzed using colorimetry, and the mechanical properties were determined by a flexural test. Weathering of WPC resulted in a surface lightening and a decrease in wood index (wood/HDPE) and flexural strength. WPCs that were reinforced with delignified wood flour showed higher ΔL* and ΔE* values, together with lower MOE and MOR retention ratios upon weathering when compared to those with non-extracted control and extracted WF. View Full-Text
Keywords: WPCs; weathering; degradation; delignification; extractives WPCs; weathering; degradation; delignification; extractives
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, Y.; Stark, N.M.; Tshabalala, M.A.; Gao, J.; Fan, Y. Weathering Characteristics of Wood Plastic Composites Reinforced with Extracted or Delignified Wood Flour. Materials 2016, 9, 610.

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