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Materials 2016, 9(7), 582;

Adsorption of Heavy Metals by Graphene Oxide/Cellulose Hydrogel Prepared from NaOH/Urea Aqueous Solution

Beijing Key Laboratory of Lignocellulosic Chemistry, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Biqiong Chen
Received: 12 May 2016 / Revised: 9 July 2016 / Accepted: 11 July 2016 / Published: 16 July 2016
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By taking advantage of cellulose, graphene oxide (GO), and the process for crosslinking using epichlorohydrin (ECH), we propose a simple and novel method to prepare GO/cellulose hydrogel with good potential to adsorb metal ions. GO nanosheets containing carboxyl and hydroxyl groups were introduced into the surface of the cellulose hydrogel with retention of the gel structure and its nanoporous property. Due to the introduction of GO, the GO/cellulose composite hydrogels exhibited good compressive strength. Adsorption capacity of Cu2+ significantly increases with an increase in the GO/cellulose ratio and GO/cellulose hydrogel showed high adsorption rates. The calculated adsorption capacities at equilibrium ( q e cal ) for GO/cellulose hydrogel (GO:cellulose = 20:100 in weight) was up to 94.34 mg·g−1, which was much higher than that of the pristine cellulose hydrogels. Furthermore, GO/cellulose hydrogel exhibited high efficient regeneration and metal ion recovery, and high adsorption capacity for Zn2+, Fe3+, and Pb2+. View Full-Text
Keywords: heavy metal ions; hydrogel; cellulose; graphene oxide; NaOH/urea heavy metal ions; hydrogel; cellulose; graphene oxide; NaOH/urea

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Chen, X.; Zhou, S.; Zhang, L.; You, T.; Xu, F. Adsorption of Heavy Metals by Graphene Oxide/Cellulose Hydrogel Prepared from NaOH/Urea Aqueous Solution. Materials 2016, 9, 582.

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