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Materials 2016, 9(7), 515; doi:10.3390/ma9070515

Non-Equilibrium Plasma Processing for the Preparation of Antibacterial Surfaces

1
Istituto di Nanotecnologia, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via Orabona 4, 70126 Bari, Italy
2
Dipartimento di Chimica Università degli Studi di Bari “Aldo Moro”, Via Orabona 4, 70126 Bari, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mauro Pollini
Received: 29 April 2016 / Revised: 12 June 2016 / Accepted: 20 June 2016 / Published: 25 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances and Applications of Nano-antimicrobial Treatments)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3886 KB, uploaded 25 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

Non-equilibrium plasmas offer several strategies for developing antibacterial surfaces that are able to repel and/or to kill bacteria. Due to the variety of devices, implants, and materials in general, as well as of bacteria and applications, plasma assisted antibacterial strategies need to be tailored to each specific surface. Nano-composite coatings containing inorganic (metals and metal oxides) or organic (drugs and biomolecules) compounds can be deposited in one step, and used as drug delivery systems. On the other hand, functional coatings can be plasma-deposited and used to bind antibacterial molecules, for synthesizing surfaces with long lasting antibacterial activity. In addition, non-fouling coatings can be produced to inhibit the adhesion of bacteria and reduce the formation of biofilm. This paper reviews plasma-based strategies aimed to reduce bacterial attachment and proliferation on biomedical materials and devices, but also onto materials used in other fields. Most of the activities described have been developed in the lab of the authors. View Full-Text
Keywords: antibacterial coatings; plasma processing; surface characterization antibacterial coatings; plasma processing; surface characterization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sardella, E.; Palumbo, F.; Camporeale, G.; Favia, P. Non-Equilibrium Plasma Processing for the Preparation of Antibacterial Surfaces. Materials 2016, 9, 515.

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