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Materials 2016, 9(6), 435; doi:10.3390/ma9060435

Green Composites Made of Bamboo Fabric and Poly (Lactic) Acid for Packaging Applications—A Review

1
Centre for Advanced Composite Materials (CACM), Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
2
School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Gelugor, Penang, Malaysia
3
Cluster for Polymer Composites, Science and Engineering Research Center, University Sains Malaysia, 14300 Nibong Tebal, Penang, Malaysia
4
School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Gelugor, Penang, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mady Elbahri
Received: 18 January 2016 / Revised: 28 April 2016 / Accepted: 29 April 2016 / Published: 1 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Advanced Composites)

Abstract

Petroleum based thermoplastics are widely used in a range of applications, particularly in packaging. However, their usage has resulted in soaring pollutant emissions. Thus, researchers have been driven to seek environmentally friendly alternative packaging materials which are recyclable as well as biodegradable. Due to the excellent mechanical properties of natural fibres, they have been extensively used to reinforce biopolymers to produce biodegradable composites. A detailed understanding of the properties of such composite materials is vital for assessing their applicability to various products. The present review discusses several functional properties related to packaging applications in order to explore the potential of bamboo fibre fabric-poly (lactic) acid composites for packaging applications. Physical properties, heat deflection temperature, impact resistance, recyclability and biodegradability are important functional properties of packaging materials. In this review, we will also comprehensively discuss the chronological events and applications of natural fibre biopolymer composites. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural fibre; woven fabric; bamboo fabric; biopolymer; poly (lactic) acid; packaging applications; functional properties natural fibre; woven fabric; bamboo fabric; biopolymer; poly (lactic) acid; packaging applications; functional properties
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nurul Fazita, M.; Jayaraman, K.; Bhattacharyya, D.; Mohamad Haafiz, M.; Saurabh, C.K.; Hussin, M.H.; H.P.S., A.K. Green Composites Made of Bamboo Fabric and Poly (Lactic) Acid for Packaging Applications—A Review. Materials 2016, 9, 435.

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