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Materials 2016, 9(6), 417; doi:10.3390/ma9060417

Effects of Rare Earth Metals on Steel Microstructures

1
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan
2
Chengdu Base, Panzhihua Iron & Steel Research Institute Co., Ltd., Chengdu 610399, China
3
Electronic Engineering, Kao Yuan University, Kaohsiung 82151, Taiwan
4
Steelmaking Process Development Section, China Steel Corporation, Kaohsiung 81233, Taiwan
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Douglas Ivey
Received: 6 April 2016 / Revised: 17 May 2016 / Accepted: 19 May 2016 / Published: 27 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Structure Analysis and Characterization)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [9598 KB, uploaded 27 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

Rare earth metals are used in semiconductors, solar cells and catalysts. This review focuses on the background of oxide metallurgy technologies, the chemical and physical properties of rare earth (RE) metals, the background of oxide metallurgy, the functions of RE metals in steelmaking, and the influences of RE metals on steel microstructures. Future prospects for RE metal applications in steelmaking are also presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: rare earth metals; steel; microstructure rare earth metals; steel; microstructure
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Pan, F.; Zhang, J.; Chen, H.-L.; Su, Y.-H.; Kuo, C.-L.; Su, Y.-H.; Chen, S.-H.; Lin, K.-J.; Hsieh, P.-H.; Hwang, W.-S. Effects of Rare Earth Metals on Steel Microstructures. Materials 2016, 9, 417.

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