Enhancement of Electrochemical Performance of LiMn2O4 Spinel Cathode Material by Synergetic Substitution with Ni and S
AbstractNickel and sulfur doped lithium manganese spinels with a nominal composition of LiMn2−xNixO4–ySy (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.5 and y = 0.01) were synthesized by a xerogel-type sol-gel method followed by subsequent calcinations at 300 and 650 °C in air. The samples were investigated in terms of physicochemical properties using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (EDS-TEM), N2 adsorption-desorption measurements (N2-BET), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and electrical conductivity studies (EC). Electrochemical characteristics of Li/Li+/LiMn2−xNixO4–ySy cells were examined by galvanostatic charge/discharge tests (CELL TEST), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The XRD showed that for samples calcined at 650 °C containing 0.1 and 0.2 mole of Ni single phase materials of Fd-3m group symmetry and nanoparticles size of around 50 nm were obtained. The energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) mapping confirmed homogenous distribution of nickel and sulfur in the obtained spinel materials. Moreover, it was revealed that the adverse phase transition at around room temperature typical for the stoichiometric spinel was successfully suppressed by Ni and S substitution. Electrochemical results indicated that slight substitution of nickel (x = 0.1) and sulfur (y = 0.01) in the LiMn2O4 enhances the electrochemical performance along with the rate capability and capacity retention. View Full-Text
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Bakierska, M.; Świętosławski, M.; Gajewska, M.; Kowalczyk, A.; Piwowarska, Z.; Chmielarz, L.; Dziembaj, R.; Molenda, M. Enhancement of Electrochemical Performance of LiMn2O4 Spinel Cathode Material by Synergetic Substitution with Ni and S. Materials 2016, 9, 366.
Bakierska M, Świętosławski M, Gajewska M, Kowalczyk A, Piwowarska Z, Chmielarz L, Dziembaj R, Molenda M. Enhancement of Electrochemical Performance of LiMn2O4 Spinel Cathode Material by Synergetic Substitution with Ni and S. Materials. 2016; 9(5):366.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bakierska, Monika; Świętosławski, Michał; Gajewska, Marta; Kowalczyk, Andrzej; Piwowarska, Zofia; Chmielarz, Lucjan; Dziembaj, Roman; Molenda, Marcin. 2016. "Enhancement of Electrochemical Performance of LiMn2O4 Spinel Cathode Material by Synergetic Substitution with Ni and S." Materials 9, no. 5: 366.
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