Next Article in Journal
Synthesis of Monodispersed Ag-Doped Bioactive Glass Nanoparticles via Surface Modification
Previous Article in Journal
Internal Stress Monitoring of In-Service Structural Steel Members with Ultrasonic Method
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Materials 2016, 9(4), 220; doi:10.3390/ma9040220

Influence of Carbon Nanotube Clustering on Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Cement Pastes

1
Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Columbia University in the City of New York, 610 Seely W. Mudd 500 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA
2
Robotics Institute, School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, 5000 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Klara Hernadi
Received: 27 January 2016 / Revised: 14 March 2016 / Accepted: 16 March 2016 / Published: 23 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Structure Analysis and Characterization)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4014 KB, uploaded 23 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

Given the continued challenge of dispersion, for practical purposes, it is of interest to evaluate the impact of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) at different states of clustering on the eventual performance properties of cement paste. This study evaluated the clustering of MWCNTs and the resultant effect on the mechanical and electrical properties when incorporated into cement paste. Cement pastes containing different concentrations of MWCNTs (up to 0.5% by mass of cement) with/without surfactant were characterized. MWCNT clustering was assessed qualitatively in an aqueous solution through visual observation, and quantitatively in cement matrices using a scanning electron microscopy technique. Additionally, the corresponding 28-day compressive strength, tensile strength, and electrical conductivity were measured. Results showed that the use of surfactant led to a downward shift in the MWCNT clustering size distribution in the matrices of MWCNT/cement paste, indicating improved dispersion of MWCNTs. The compressive strength, tensile strength, and electrical conductivity of the composites with surfactant increased with MWCNT concentration and were higher than those without surfactant at all concentrations. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon nanotube; clustering; mechanical property; electrical conductivity carbon nanotube; clustering; mechanical property; electrical conductivity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Jang, S.-H.; Kawashima, S.; Yin, H. Influence of Carbon Nanotube Clustering on Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Cement Pastes. Materials 2016, 9, 220.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top