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Materials 2016, 9(3), 157; doi:10.3390/ma9030157

Effects of Complex Modification by Sr–Sb on the Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Al–18 wt % Mg2Si–4.5Cu Alloys

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1,2,* , 1,2,3
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1,2,*
1
School of Construction Engineering, Jilin University, Changchun 130026, China
2
Key Laboratory of Drilling and Exploitation Technology in Complex Conditions, Ministry of Land and Resources, No. 938 Ximinzhu Street, Changchun 130026, China
3
Key Laboratory of Automobile Materials of Ministry of Education & School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jilin University, No. 5988 Renmin Street, Changchun 130025, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Daolun Chen
Received: 27 January 2016 / Revised: 22 February 2016 / Accepted: 23 February 2016 / Published: 4 March 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4108 KB, uploaded 22 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

This research was carried out to investigate the influence of Sr–Sb on the microstructures and mechanical properties of Al–18 wt % Mg2Si–4.5Cu alloys. After the addition of 0.2 wt % Sr–Sb, the morphologies of primary Mg2Si transformed from equiaxed dendrite to cube in as-cast alloys and the average size of primary Mg2Si decreased from ~50 to ~20 μm. The shape of eutectic Mg2Si changed from Chinese script to short rod. After extrusion and T6 heat treatment, the ultimate tensile strength of modified alloy at room temperature (RT) and 100 °C increased respectively from 229 to 288 MPa, and from 231 to 272 MPa. The elongation-to-failure only slightly improved from 2.9% to 3.8% and from 3.3% to 3.7% at RT and 100 °C, respectively. The tensile fracture surface revealed a transition from brittle fracture to ductile fracture after modifying by 0.2 wt % Sr–Sb. View Full-Text
Keywords: aluminum alloy; composite; grain refinement; modification; mechanical properties aluminum alloy; composite; grain refinement; modification; mechanical properties
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sun, Y.; Ma, S.; Wang, H.; Chen, L.; Gao, K.; Ma, Y.; Liu, B. Effects of Complex Modification by Sr–Sb on the Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of Al–18 wt % Mg2Si–4.5Cu Alloys. Materials 2016, 9, 157.

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