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Materials 2016, 9(12), 989; doi:10.3390/ma9120989

Electroconductive Composites from Polystyrene Block Copolymers and Cu–Alumina Filler

1
Department of Environmental Sciences, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Rawalpindi 46000, Pakistan
2
Departamento de Universidad de Córdoba, Edificio Marie Curie, Ctra Nnal IV-A, Km396, E14014 Córdoba, Spain
3
Department of Chemistry, the Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63000, Pakistan
4
Department of Chemistry, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir Chehla Campus Muzaffarabad, Muzaffarabad 13100, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Reza Montazami
Received: 20 October 2016 / Revised: 23 November 2016 / Accepted: 1 December 2016 / Published: 7 December 2016
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Abstract

Technological advancements and development of new materials may lead to the manufacture of sustainable energy-conducting devices used in the energy sector. This research attempts to fabricate novel electroconductive and mechanically stable nanocomposites via an electroless deposition (ELD) technique using electrically insulating materials. Metallic Cu is coated onto Al2O3 by ELD, and the prepared filler is then integrated (2–14 wt %) into a matrix of polystyrene-block-poly(ethylene-ran-butylene)-block-polystyrene-graft-maleic anhydride (PS-b-(PE-r-B)-b-PS-g-MA). Considerable variations in composite phases with filler inclusion exist. The Cu crystallite growth onto Al2O3 was evaluated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) depicts a uniform Cu coating on Al2O3, while homogeneous filler dispersion is exhibited in the case of composites. The electrical behavior of composites is enhanced drastically (7.7 × 10−5 S/cm) upon incorporation of Cu–Al2O3 into an insulating polymer matrix (4.4 × 10−16 S/cm). Moreover, mechanical (Young’s modulus, tensile strength and % elongation at break) and thermal (thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), derivative thermogravimetry (DTG), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)) properties of the nanocomposites also improve substantially. These composites are likely to meet the demands of modern high-strength electroconductive devices. View Full-Text
Keywords: copolymers; composites; morphology; mechanical properties; thermal properties copolymers; composites; morphology; mechanical properties; thermal properties
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nadeem, Q.; Fatima, T.; Prinsen, P.; ur Rehman, A.; Gill, R.; Mahmood, R.; Luque, R. Electroconductive Composites from Polystyrene Block Copolymers and Cu–Alumina Filler. Materials 2016, 9, 989.

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