Freckle Defect Formation near the Casting Interfaces of Directionally Solidified Superalloys
AbstractFreckle defects usually appear on the surface of castings and industrial ingots during the directional solidification process and most of them are located near the interface between the shell mold and superalloys. Ceramic cores create more interfaces in the directionally solidified (DS) and single crystal (SX) hollow turbine blades. In order to investigate the location of freckle occurrence in superalloys, superalloy CM247 LC was directionally solidified in an industrial-sized Bridgman furnace. Instead of ceramic cores, Alumina tubes were used inside of the casting specimens. It was found that freckles occur not only on the casting external surfaces, but also appear near the internal interfaces between the ceramic core and superalloys. Meanwhile, the size, initial position, and area of freckle were investigated in various diameters of the specimens. The initial position of the freckle chain reduces when the diameter of the rods increase. Freckle area follows a linear relationship in various diameters and the average freckle fraction is 1.1% of cross sectional area of casting specimens. The flow of liquid metal near the interfaces was stronger than that in the interdendritic region in the mushy zone, and explained why freckle tends to occur on the outer or inner surfaces of castings. This new phenomenon suggests that freckles are more likely to occur on the outer or inner surfaces of the hollow turbine blades. View Full-Text
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Hong, J.; Ma, D.; Wang, J.; Wang, F.; Sun, B.; Dong, A.; Li, F.; Bührig-Polaczek, A. Freckle Defect Formation near the Casting Interfaces of Directionally Solidified Superalloys. Materials 2016, 9, 929.
Hong J, Ma D, Wang J, Wang F, Sun B, Dong A, Li F, Bührig-Polaczek A. Freckle Defect Formation near the Casting Interfaces of Directionally Solidified Superalloys. Materials. 2016; 9(11):929.Chicago/Turabian Style
Hong, Jianping; Ma, Dexin; Wang, Jun; Wang, Fu; Sun, Baode; Dong, Anping; Li, Fei; Bührig-Polaczek, Andreas. 2016. "Freckle Defect Formation near the Casting Interfaces of Directionally Solidified Superalloys." Materials 9, no. 11: 929.