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Materials 2016, 9(11), 879; doi:10.3390/ma9110879

Chemical Synthesis and Oxide Dispersion Properties of Strengthened Tungsten via Spark Plasma Sintering

1
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China
2
Laboratories of Nonferrous Metal Material and Processing Engineering of Anhui Province, Hefei 230009, China
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jai-Sung Lee
Received: 3 August 2016 / Revised: 11 October 2016 / Accepted: 20 October 2016 / Published: 28 October 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [8976 KB, uploaded 28 October 2016]   |  

Abstract

Highly uniform oxide dispersion-strengthened materials W–1 wt % Nd2O3 and W–1 wt % CeO2 were successfully fabricated via a novel wet chemical method followed by hydrogen reduction. The powders were consolidated by spark plasma sintering at 1700 °C to suppress grain growth. The samples were characterized by performing field emission scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy analyses, Vickers microhardness measurements, thermal conductivity, and tensile testing. The oxide particles were dispersed at the tungsten grain boundaries and within the grains. The thermal conductivity of the samples at room temperature exceeded 140 W/m·K. The tensile tests indicated that W–1 wt % CeO2 exhibited a ductile–brittle transition temperature between 500 °C and 550 °C, which was a lower range than that for W–1 wt % Nd2O3. Surface topography and Vickers microhardness analyses were conducted before and after irradiations with 50 eV He ions at a fluence of 1 × 1022 m−2 for 1 h in the large-powder material irradiation experiment system. The grain boundaries of the irradiated area became more evident than that of the unirradiated area for both samples. Irradiation hardening was recognized for the W–1 wt % Nd2O3 and W–1 wt % CeO2 samples. View Full-Text
Keywords: oxide dispersion-strengthened W; wet chemical method; spark plasma sintering; irradiation behavior oxide dispersion-strengthened W; wet chemical method; spark plasma sintering; irradiation behavior
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ding, X.-Y.; Luo, L.-M.; Chen, H.-Y.; Zhu, X.-Y.; Zan, X.; Cheng, J.-G.; Wu, Y.-C. Chemical Synthesis and Oxide Dispersion Properties of Strengthened Tungsten via Spark Plasma Sintering. Materials 2016, 9, 879.

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