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Materials 2015, 8(9), 5891-5921; doi:10.3390/ma8095280

Development of Hydrogen Storage Tank Systems Based on Complex Metal Hydrides

Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Platz 1, 45470 Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Academic Editor: Umit Demirci
Received: 29 July 2015 / Revised: 18 August 2015 / Accepted: 19 August 2015 / Published: 4 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrogen Storage Materials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2721 KB, uploaded 4 September 2015]   |  

Abstract

This review describes recent research in the development of tank systems based on complex metal hydrides for thermolysis and hydrolysis. Commercial applications using complex metal hydrides are limited, especially for thermolysis-based systems where so far only demonstration projects have been performed. Hydrolysis-based systems find their way in space, naval, military and defense applications due to their compatibility with proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells. Tank design, modeling, and development for thermolysis and hydrolysis systems as well as commercial applications of hydrolysis systems are described in more detail in this review. For thermolysis, mostly sodium aluminum hydride containing tanks were developed, and only a few examples with nitrides, ammonia borane and alane. For hydrolysis, sodium borohydride was the preferred material whereas ammonia borane found less popularity. Recycling of the sodium borohydride spent fuel remains an important part for their commercial viability. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogen storage; complex hydrides; modeling; thermolysis; tank design hydrogen storage; complex hydrides; modeling; thermolysis; tank design
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ley, M.B.; Meggouh, M.; Moury, R.; Peinecke, K.; Felderhoff, M. Development of Hydrogen Storage Tank Systems Based on Complex Metal Hydrides. Materials 2015, 8, 5891-5921.

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