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Materials 2015, 8(6), 2887-2900; doi:10.3390/ma8062887

Biofilm and Dental Biomaterials

1
Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, Aarstadveien 19, Bergen NO-5009, Norway
2
Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, Jonas Lies vei 65, The Laboratory Building, Bergen NO-5021, Norway
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ihtesham ur Rehman
Received: 29 January 2015 / Revised: 11 May 2015 / Accepted: 12 May 2015 / Published: 26 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Materials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [802 KB, uploaded 26 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

All treatment involving the use of biomaterials in the body can affect the host in positive or negative ways. The microbiological environment in the oral cavity is affected by the composition and shape of the biomaterials used for oral restorations. This may impair the patients’ oral health and sometimes their general health as well. Many factors determine the composition of the microbiota and the formation of biofilm in relation to biomaterials such as, surface roughness, surface energy and chemical composition, This paper aims to give an overview of the scientific literature regarding the association between the chemical, mechanical and physical properties of dental biomaterials and oral biofilm formation, with emphasis on current research and future perspectives. View Full-Text
Keywords: biofilm; biomaterials; dental materials; metals; polymers; ceramics biofilm; biomaterials; dental materials; metals; polymers; ceramics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Øilo, M.; Bakken, V. Biofilm and Dental Biomaterials. Materials 2015, 8, 2887-2900.

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