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Materials 2015, 8(12), 8608-8623; doi:10.3390/ma8125464

Effects of Medium Temperature and Industrial By-Products on the Key Hardened Properties of High Performance Concrete

1
Angelo Del Zotto School of Construction Management, George Brown College, 146 Kendal Avenue, Toronto, ON M5T 2T9, Canada
2
Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Prabir K. Sarker
Received: 10 October 2015 / Revised: 10 November 2015 / Accepted: 25 November 2015 / Published: 10 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Utilisation of By-Product Materials in Concrete)
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Abstract

The aim of the work reported in this article was to investigate the effects of medium temperature and industrial by-products on the key hardened properties of high performance concrete. Four concrete mixes were prepared based on a water-to-binder ratio of 0.35. Two industrial by-products, silica fume and Class F fly ash, were used separately and together with normal portland cement to produce three concrete mixes in addition to the control mix. The properties of both fresh and hardened concretes were examined in the laboratory. The freshly mixed concrete mixes were tested for slump, slump flow, and V-funnel flow. The hardened concretes were tested for compressive strength and dynamic modulus of elasticity after exposing to 20, 35 and 50 °C. In addition, the initial surface absorption and the rate of moisture movement into the concretes were determined at 20 °C. The performance of the concretes in the fresh state was excellent due to their superior deformability and good segregation resistance. In their hardened state, the highest levels of compressive strength and dynamic modulus of elasticity were produced by silica fume concrete. In addition, silica fume concrete showed the lowest level of initial surface absorption and the lowest rate of moisture movement into the interior of concrete. In comparison, the compressive strength, dynamic modulus of elasticity, initial surface absorption, and moisture movement rate of silica fume-fly ash concrete were close to those of silica fume concrete. Moreover, all concretes provided relatively low compressive strength and dynamic modulus of elasticity when they were exposed to 50 °C. However, the effect of increased temperature was less detrimental for silica fume and silica fume-fly ash concretes in comparison with the control concrete. View Full-Text
Keywords: compressive strength; dynamic modulus of elasticity; high performance concrete; industrial by-products; initial surface absorption; medium temperature; moisture movement compressive strength; dynamic modulus of elasticity; high performance concrete; industrial by-products; initial surface absorption; medium temperature; moisture movement
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Safiuddin, M.; Raman, S.N.; Zain, M.F.M. Effects of Medium Temperature and Industrial By-Products on the Key Hardened Properties of High Performance Concrete. Materials 2015, 8, 8608-8623.

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