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Materials 2015, 8(12), 8378-8391; doi:10.3390/ma8125461

Removal of Chromium(VI) from Aqueous Solutions Using Fe3O4 Magnetic Polymer Microspheres Functionalized with Amino Groups

1
Inner Mongolia Key Laboratory of Photoelectric Functional Materials, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Chifeng University, Chifeng 024000, China
2
College of Energy and Power Engineering, Inner Mongolia University of Technology, Huhhot 010051, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luciano Feo
Received: 5 September 2015 / Revised: 23 November 2015 / Accepted: 25 November 2015 / Published: 3 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Advanced Composites)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3279 KB, uploaded 3 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

Magnetic polymer microspheres (MPMs) using glycidylmethacrylate (GMA) as a functional monomer were synthesized in the presence of Fe3O4 nanoparticles via dispersion polymerization. After polymerization, the magnetic polymer microbeads were modified with ethylenediamine (EDA). The obtained ethylenediamine-functionalized magnetic microspheres (EDA-MPMs) were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), vibrating-sample magnetometer (VSM) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Then the EDA-MPMs were applied as adsorbents for the removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution. Langmuir equation was appropriate to describe the experimental data. The maximum adsorption capacities obtained from the Langmuir model were 236.9, 242.1 and 253.2 mg/g at 298, 308 and 318 K, respectively. The Cr(VI) adsorption equilibrium was established within 120 min and the adsorption kinetics was compatibly described by the pseudo-second order equation. The thermodynamic parameters (ΔG°, ΔH°, ΔS°) of the sorption process revealed that the adsorption was spontaneous and was an endothermic process. The regeneration study demonstrated that the EDA-MPMs could be repeatedly utilized with no significant loss of adsorption efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnetic polymer microspheres; chromium(VI); adsorption; kinetic; isotherms magnetic polymer microspheres; chromium(VI); adsorption; kinetic; isotherms
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, K.; Qiu, G.; Cao, H.; Jin, R. Removal of Chromium(VI) from Aqueous Solutions Using Fe3O4 Magnetic Polymer Microspheres Functionalized with Amino Groups. Materials 2015, 8, 8378-8391.

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