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Materials 2015, 8(10), 7074-7083; doi:10.3390/ma8105361

A Micro Rectangular-Shaped Long-Period Fiber Grating Coated With Fe3O4 Nanoparticle Thin Overlay For Magnetic Sensing

Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan
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Academic Editor: Teen-Hang Meen
Received: 29 August 2015 / Revised: 3 October 2015 / Accepted: 8 October 2015 / Published: 19 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selected Papers from ICASI 2015)
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Abstract

In this paper, we provide a novel micro rectangular-shaped long-period fiber grating (MRSLPFG) coated with Fe3O4 nanoparticles as the sensing material and packaged in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) for magnetic sensing application. The micro rectangular-shaped grating structures are fully dip coated with the magnetic fluid and heated to form a thin solid film. This thin overlay is used as the sensing media to measure the external magnetic flux density parallel to the optical fiber axis. According to our experimental results, the phenomenon of the transmission loss of the MRSLPFG magnetic sensor was increased monotonically when the external applied magnetic flux density increased. As the external applied magnetic flux density was increased from 0 to 91.10 mT, the resonance attenuation dip of the MRSLPFG increased and the average sensitivity achieved during the experiments was 0.129 dB/mT. We infer that the aforementioned experimental results were due to the magnetostrictive effect exerted on the thin layer of Fe3O4 nanoparticles, which in turn induced slight longitudinal strains on the micro rectangular-shaped fiber grating structures under different magnetic flux density. View Full-Text
Keywords: long-period fiber grating; magnetic sensor; magnetostriction long-period fiber grating; magnetic sensor; magnetostriction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, S.-F.; Chiang, C.-C. A Micro Rectangular-Shaped Long-Period Fiber Grating Coated With Fe3O4 Nanoparticle Thin Overlay For Magnetic Sensing. Materials 2015, 8, 7074-7083.

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