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Materials 2015, 8(1), 251-269; doi:10.3390/ma8010251

Comparative Study on Corrosion Protection of Reinforcing Steel by Using Amino Alcohol and Lithium Nitrite Inhibitors

1
Department of Architectural Engineering, Hanyang University, 1271 Sa 3-dong, Sangrok-gu, Ansan 426-791, Korea
2
Sustainable Building Research Center, Hanyang University, 1271 Sa 3-dong, Sangrok-gu, Ansan 426-791, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Raman Singh
Received: 27 August 2014 / Accepted: 5 January 2015 / Published: 14 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Corrosion of Materials)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [775 KB, uploaded 14 January 2015]   |  

Abstract

In this study, the ability of lithium nitrite and amino alcohol inhibitors to provide corrosion protection to reinforcing steel was investigated. Two types of specimens—reinforcing steel and a reinforced concrete prism that were exposed to chloride ion levels resembling the chloride attack environment—were prepared. An autoclave accelerated corrosion test was then conducted. The variables tested included the chloride-ion concentration and molar ratios of anti-corrosion ingredients in a CaOH2-saturated aqueous solution that simulated a cement-pore solution. A concentration of 25% was used for the lithium nitrite inhibitor LiNO2, and an 80% solution of dimethyl ethanolamine ((CH3)2NCH2CH2OH, hereinafter DMEA) was used for the amino alcohol inhibitor. The test results indicated that the lithium nitrite inhibitor displayed anti-corrosion properties at a molar ratio of inhibitor of ≥0.6; the amino alcohol inhibitor also displayed anti-corrosion properties at molar ratios of inhibitor greater than approximately 0.3. View Full-Text
Keywords: reinforced concrete; reinforcing steel corrosion; amino alcohol inhibitor; electrochemical evaluation reinforced concrete; reinforcing steel corrosion; amino alcohol inhibitor; electrochemical evaluation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, H.-S.; Ryu, H.-S.; Park, W.-J.; Ismail, M.A. Comparative Study on Corrosion Protection of Reinforcing Steel by Using Amino Alcohol and Lithium Nitrite Inhibitors. Materials 2015, 8, 251-269.

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