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Materials 2014, 7(6), 4431-4441; doi:10.3390/ma7064431

Preparation, Surface and Pore Structure of High Surface Area Activated Carbon Fibers from Bamboo by Steam Activation

Department of Wood Science and Technology, Tianjin University of Science & Technology, Tianjin 300222, China
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Received: 5 February 2014 / Revised: 19 May 2014 / Accepted: 28 May 2014 / Published: 12 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Porous Materials)
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Abstract

High surface area activated carbon fibers (ACF) have been prepared from bamboo by steam activation after liquefaction and curing. The influences of activation temperature on the microstructure, surface area and porosity were investigated. The results showed that ACF from bamboo at 850 °C have the maximum iodine and methylene blue adsorption values. Aside from the graphitic carbon, phenolic and carbonyl groups were the predominant functions on the surface of activated carbon fiber from bamboo. The prepared ACF from bamboo were found to be mainly type I of isotherm, but the mesoporosity presented an increasing trend after 700 °C. The surface area and micropore volume of samples, which were determined by application of the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and t-plot methods, were as high as 2024 m2/g and 0.569 cm3/g, respectively. It was also found that the higher activation temperature produced the more ordered microcrystalline structure of ACF from bamboo. View Full-Text
Keywords: activated carbon fibers; bamboo; pore size distribution; adsorption; X-ray diffraction activated carbon fibers; bamboo; pore size distribution; adsorption; X-ray diffraction
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ma, X.; Yang, H.; Yu, L.; Chen, Y.; Li, Y. Preparation, Surface and Pore Structure of High Surface Area Activated Carbon Fibers from Bamboo by Steam Activation. Materials 2014, 7, 4431-4441.

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