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Fabrication of a Low Density Carbon Fiber Foam and Its Characterization as a Strain Gauge
AbstractSamples of carbon nano-fiber foam (CFF), essentially a 3D solid mat of intertwined nanofibers of pure carbon, were grown using the Constrained Formation of Fibrous Nanostructures (CoFFiN) process in a steel mold at 550 °C from a palladium particle catalysts exposed to fuel rich mixtures of ethylene and oxygen. The resulting material was studied using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDX), Surface area analysis (BET), and Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA). Transient and dynamic mechanical tests clearly demonstrated that the material is viscoelastic. Concomitant mechanical and electrical testing of samples revealed the material to have electrical properties appropriate for application as the sensing element of a strain gauge. The sample resistance versus strain values stabilize after a few compression cycles to show a perfectly linear relationship. Study of microstructure, mechanical and electrical properties of the low density samples confirm the uniqueness of the material: It is formed entirely of independent fibers of diverse diameters that interlock forming a tridimensional body that can be grown into different shapes and sizes at moderate temperatures. It regains its shape after loads are removed, is light weight, presents viscoelastic behavior, thermal stability up to 550 °C, hydrophobicity, and is electrically conductive.
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Luhrs, C.C.; Daskam, C.D.; Gonzalez, E.; Phillips, J. Fabrication of a Low Density Carbon Fiber Foam and Its Characterization as a Strain Gauge. Materials 2014, 7, 3699-3714.View more citation formats
Luhrs CC, Daskam CD, Gonzalez E, Phillips J. Fabrication of a Low Density Carbon Fiber Foam and Its Characterization as a Strain Gauge. Materials. 2014; 7(5):3699-3714.Chicago/Turabian Style
Luhrs, Claudia C.; Daskam, Chris D.; Gonzalez, Edwin; Phillips, Jonathan. 2014. "Fabrication of a Low Density Carbon Fiber Foam and Its Characterization as a Strain Gauge." Materials 7, no. 5: 3699-3714.