Abstract: Shape memory behavior of crystalline shape memory polyurethane (SPU) reinforced with graphene, which utilizes melting temperature as a shape recovery temperature, was examined with various external actuating stimuli such as direct heating, resistive heating, and infrared (IR) heating. Compatibility of graphene with crystalline SPU was adjusted by altering the structure of the hard segment of the SPU, by changing the structure of the graphene, and by changing the preparation method of the graphene/SPU composite. The SPU made of aromatic 4,4′-diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MSPU) exhibited better compatibility with graphene, having an aromatic structure, compared to that made of the aliphatic hexamethylene diisocyanate. The finely dispersed graphene effectively reinforced MSPU, improved shape recovery of MSPU, and served effectively as a filler, triggering shape recovery by resistive or IR heating. Compatibility was enhanced when the graphene was modified with methanol. This improved shape recovery by direct heating, but worsened the conductivity of the composite, and consequently the efficiency of resistive heating for shape recovery also declined. Graphene modified with methanol was more effective than pristine graphene in terms of shape recovery by IR heating.
Keywords: shape memory polyurethane; graphene; composite; direct heating; resistive heating; IR heating
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Park, J.H.; Dao, T.D.; Lee, H.-I.; Jeong, H.M.; Kim, B.K. Properties of Graphene/Shape Memory Thermoplastic Polyurethane Composites Actuating by Various Methods. Materials 2014, 7, 1520-1538.
Park JH, Dao TD, Lee H-I, Jeong HM, Kim BK. Properties of Graphene/Shape Memory Thermoplastic Polyurethane Composites Actuating by Various Methods. Materials. 2014; 7(3):1520-1538.
Park, Jin H.; Dao, Trung D.; Lee, Hyung-il; Jeong, Han M.; Kim, Byung K. 2014. "Properties of Graphene/Shape Memory Thermoplastic Polyurethane Composites Actuating by Various Methods." Materials 7, no. 3: 1520-1538.