Abstract: In this work we present a theoretical study of the effect of disorder on spin polarisation at the Fermi level, and the disorder formation energies for Co2FexMn1−xSi (CFMS) alloys. The electronic calculations are based on density functional theory with a Hubbard U term. Chemical disorders studied consist of swapping Co with Fe/Mn and Co with Si; in all cases we found these are detrimental for spin polarisation, i.e., the spin polarisation not only decreases in magnitude, but also can change sign depending on the particular disorder. Formation energy calculation shows that Co–Si disorder has higher energies of formation in CFMS compared to Co2MnSi and Co2FeSi, with maximum values occurring for x in the range 0.5–0.75. Cross-sectional structural studies of reference Co2MnSi, Co2Fe0.5Mn0.5Si, and Co2FeSi by Z-contrast scanning transmission electron microscopy are in qualitative agreement with total energy calculations of the disordered structures.
Keywords: heusler alloys; half-metals; thin films; spintronics materials
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Hasnip, P.J.; Loach, C.H.; Smith, J.H.; Probert, M.I.J.; Gilks, D.; Sizeland, J.; Lari, L.; Sagar, J.; Yoshida, K.; Oogane, M.; Hirohata, A.; Lazarov, V.K. The Effect of Cobalt-Sublattice Disorder on Spin Polarisation in Co2FexMn1−xSi Heusler Alloys. Materials 2014, 7, 1473-1482.
Hasnip PJ, Loach CH, Smith JH, Probert MIJ, Gilks D, Sizeland J, Lari L, Sagar J, Yoshida K, Oogane M, Hirohata A, Lazarov VK. The Effect of Cobalt-Sublattice Disorder on Spin Polarisation in Co2FexMn1−xSi Heusler Alloys. Materials. 2014; 7(3):1473-1482.
Hasnip, Philip J.; Loach, Christian H.; Smith, Joseph H.; Probert, Matthew I.J.; Gilks, Daniel; Sizeland, James; Lari, Leonardo; Sagar, James; Yoshida, Kenta; Oogane, Mikihiko; Hirohata, Atsufumi; Lazarov, Vlado K. 2014. "The Effect of Cobalt-Sublattice Disorder on Spin Polarisation in Co2FexMn1−xSi Heusler Alloys." Materials 7, no. 3: 1473-1482.