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Materials 2014, 7(11), 7276-7288; doi:10.3390/ma7117276

Tunable Band Gap and Conductivity Type of ZnSe/Si Core-Shell Nanowire Heterostructures

1
Department of Applied Physics and State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials, Donghua University, Ren Min Road 2999, Songjiang District, Shanghai 201620, China
2
National Lab of Infrared Physics, Shanghai Institute for Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, 500 Yu Tian Road, Shanghai 200083, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 August 2014 / Revised: 18 September 2014 / Accepted: 23 October 2014 / Published: 31 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inorganic Core-Shell Structures)
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Abstract

The electronic properties of zincblende ZnSe/Si core-shell nanowires (NWs) with a diameter of 1.1–2.8 nm are calculated by means of the first principle calculation. Band gaps of both ZnSe-core/Si-shell and Si-core/ZnSe-shell NWs are much smaller than those of pure ZnSe or Si NWs. Band alignment analysis reveals that the small band gaps of ZnSe/Si core-shell NWs are caused by the interface state. Fixing the ZnSe core size and enlarging the Si shell would turn the NWs from intrinsic to p-type, then to metallic. However, Fixing the Si core and enlarging the ZnSe shell would not change the band gap significantly. The partial charge distribution diagram shows that the conduction band maximum (CBM) is confined in Si, while the valence band maximum (VBM) is mainly distributed around the interface. Our findings also show that the band gap and conductivity type of ZnSe/Si core-shell NWs can be tuned by the concentration and diameter of the core-shell material, respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: ZnSe/Si core-shell; nanowires; interface states; tunable bandgap; conductivity type ZnSe/Si core-shell; nanowires; interface states; tunable bandgap; conductivity type
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zeng, Y.; Xing, H.; Fang, Y.; Huang, Y.; Lu, A.; Chen, X. Tunable Band Gap and Conductivity Type of ZnSe/Si Core-Shell Nanowire Heterostructures. Materials 2014, 7, 7276-7288.

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