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Materials 2014, 7(11), 7243-7275; doi:10.3390/ma7117243

PbSe-Based Colloidal Core/Shell Heterostructures for Optoelectronic Applications

Schulich Faculty of Chemistry, Russell Berrie Nanotechnology Institute and Solid State Institute, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa 32000, Israel
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Received: 31 August 2014 / Revised: 25 September 2014 / Accepted: 24 October 2014 / Published: 30 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Inorganic Core-Shell Structures)
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Abstract

Lead-based (IV–VI) colloidal quantum dots (QDs) are of widespread scientific and technological interest owing to their size-tunable band-gap energy in the near-infrared optical region. This article reviews the synthesis of PbSe-based heterostructures and their structural and optical investigations at various temperatures. The review focuses on the structures consisting of a PbSe core coated with a PbSexS1–x (0 ≤ x ≤ 1) or CdSe shell. The former-type shells were epitaxially grown on the PbSe core, while the latter-type shells were synthesized using partial cation-exchange. The influence of the QD composition and the ambient conditions, i.e., exposure to oxygen, on the QD optical properties, such as radiative lifetime, Stokes shift, and other temperature-dependent characteristics, was investigated. The study revealed unique properties of core/shell heterostructures of various compositions, which offer the opportunity of fine-tuning the QD electronic structure by changing their architecture. A theoretical model of the QD electronic band structure was developed and correlated with the results of the optical studies. The review also outlines the challenges related to potential applications of colloidal PbSe-based heterostructures. View Full-Text
Keywords: PbSe; PbSe/PbS; PbSe/CdSe; colloidal quantum dots; core/shell; alloyed quantum dots; band-gap tunability; surface oxidation PbSe; PbSe/PbS; PbSe/CdSe; colloidal quantum dots; core/shell; alloyed quantum dots; band-gap tunability; surface oxidation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zaiats, G.; Yanover, D.; Vaxenburg, R.; Tilchin, J.; Sashchiuk, A.; Lifshitz, E. PbSe-Based Colloidal Core/Shell Heterostructures for Optoelectronic Applications. Materials 2014, 7, 7243-7275.

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