Next Article in Journal
Study on the Carbonation Behavior of Cement Mortar by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy
Next Article in Special Issue
Role of SiNx Barrier Layer on the Performances of Polyimide Ga2O3-doped ZnO p-i-n Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Thin Film Solar Cells
Previous Article in Journal
Preparation of Fe3O4-Embedded Poly(styrene)/Poly(thiophene) Core/Shell Nanoparticles and Their Hydrogel Patterns for Sensor Applications
Previous Article in Special Issue
Development of Efficient and Stable Inverted Bulk Heterojunction (BHJ) Solar Cells Using Different Metal Oxide Interfaces
Materials 2014, 7(1), 206-217; doi:10.3390/ma7010206
Article

Fabrication of CIS Absorber Layers with Different Thicknesses Using A Non-Vacuum Spray Coating Method

1
, 2
, 3
, 4
 and 4,*
Received: 8 October 2013; in revised form: 14 December 2013 / Accepted: 19 December 2013 / Published: 3 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solar Energy Materials 2013)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1180 KB, uploaded 3 January 2014]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: In this study, a new thin-film deposition process, spray coating method (SPM), was investigated to deposit the high-densified CuInSe2 absorber layers. The spray coating method developed in this study was a non-vacuum process, based on dispersed nano-scale CuInSe2 precursor and could offer a simple, inexpensive, and alternative formation technology for CuInSe2 absorber layers. After spraying on Mo/glass substrates, the CuInSe2 thin films were annealed at 550 °C by changing the annealing time from 5 min to 30 min in a selenization furnace, using N2 as atmosphere. When the CuInSe2 thin films were annealed, without extra Se or H2Se gas used as the compensation source during the annealing process. The aim of this project was to investigate the influence of annealing time on the densification and crystallization of the CuInSe2 absorber layers to optimize the quality for cost effective solar cell production. The thickness of the CuInSe2 absorber layers could be controlled as the volume of used dispersed CuInSe2-isopropyl alcohol solution was controlled. In this work, X-ray diffraction patterns, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and Hall parameter measurements were performed in order to verify the quality of the CuInSe2 absorber layers obtained by the Spray Coating Method.
Keywords: CuInSe2 absorber layer; spray coating method; non-vacuum method; thickness CuInSe2 absorber layer; spray coating method; non-vacuum method; thickness
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Diao, C.-C.; Kuo, H.-H.; Tzou, W.-C.; Chen, Y.-L.; Yang, C.-F. Fabrication of CIS Absorber Layers with Different Thicknesses Using A Non-Vacuum Spray Coating Method. Materials 2014, 7, 206-217.

AMA Style

Diao C-C, Kuo H-H, Tzou W-C, Chen Y-L, Yang C-F. Fabrication of CIS Absorber Layers with Different Thicknesses Using A Non-Vacuum Spray Coating Method. Materials. 2014; 7(1):206-217.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Diao, Chien-Chen; Kuo, Hsin-Hui; Tzou, Wen-Cheng; Chen, Yen-Lin; Yang, Cheng-Fu. 2014. "Fabrication of CIS Absorber Layers with Different Thicknesses Using A Non-Vacuum Spray Coating Method." Materials 7, no. 1: 206-217.


Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert