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Cyclic Deformation of Ultra-Fine Grained Commercial Purity Aluminum Processed by Accumulative Roll-Bonding
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Toronto, 184 College Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3E4, Canada
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clearwater Bay, Hong Kong, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 May 2013; in revised form: 29 July 2013 / Accepted: 1 August 2013 / Published: 13 August 2013
Abstract: Accumulative Roll-Bonding (ARB) is one of the more recently developed techniques capable of producing bulk ultra-fine grained (ufg) metals. There are still many aspects of the behavior of ufg metals that lacks an in-depth understanding, such as a generalized view of the factors that govern the cyclic deformation mechanism(s). This study aims to advance the understanding of the cyclic deformation behavior of ufg metals through the systematic investigation of ARB processed aluminum upon cyclic loading. It was found that the cyclic softening response often reported for ufg metals is largely influenced by the microstructure stability as the cyclic softening response is facilitated by grain coarsening which becomes inhibited with highly stable microstructure. On one hand, shear bands resembling braids of dislocations trespassing multiple grains have been observed to operate for the accommodation of the imposed cyclic strain in cases where grain coarsening is largely restricted. On the other hand, it was found that the microstructure stability can be overcome at higher applied cyclic plastic strain levels, leading to grain coarsening and thus a cyclic softening response. The findings in this study have further confirmed that the cyclic softening behavior found in many ufg metals, which may be detrimental in practical applications, can be inhibited by improvements in the microstructure stability.
Keywords: ultrafine grained microstructure; accumulative roll-bonding; cyclic deformation; microstructure stability; shear banding
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MDPI and ACS Style
Kwan, C.C.; Wang, Z. Cyclic Deformation of Ultra-Fine Grained Commercial Purity Aluminum Processed by Accumulative Roll-Bonding. Materials 2013, 6, 3469-3481.
Kwan CC, Wang Z. Cyclic Deformation of Ultra-Fine Grained Commercial Purity Aluminum Processed by Accumulative Roll-Bonding. Materials. 2013; 6(8):3469-3481.
Kwan, Charles C.; Wang, Zhirui. 2013. "Cyclic Deformation of Ultra-Fine Grained Commercial Purity Aluminum Processed by Accumulative Roll-Bonding." Materials 6, no. 8: 3469-3481.