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Characterization of Natural Dyes and Traditional Korean Silk Fabric by Surface Analytical Techniques
Advanced Analysis Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 136-791, Korea
Department of Nano and Bio Surface Science, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon 305-350, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 February 2013; in revised form: 2 May 2013 / Accepted: 3 May 2013 / Published: 15 May 2013
Abstract: Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) are well established surface techniques that provide both elemental and organic information from several monolayers of a sample surface, while also allowing depth profiling or image mapping to be carried out. The static TOF-SIMS with improved performances has expanded the application of TOF-SIMS to the study of a variety of organic, polymeric and biological materials. In this work, TOF-SIMS, XPS and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) measurements were used to characterize commercial natural dyes and traditional silk fabric dyed with plant extracts dyes avoiding the time-consuming and destructive extraction procedures necessary for the spectrophotometric and chromatographic methods previously used. Silk textiles dyed with plant extracts were then analyzed for chemical and functional group identification of their dye components and mordants. TOF-SIMS spectra for the dyed silk fabric showed element ions from metallic mordants, specific fragment ions and molecular ions from plant-extracted dyes. The results of TOF-SIMS, XPS and FTIR are very useful as a reference database for comparison with data about traditional Korean silk fabric and to provide an understanding of traditional dyeing materials. Therefore, this study shows that surface techniques are useful for micro-destructive analysis of plant-extracted dyes and Korean dyed silk fabric.
Keywords: natural dyes; traditional silk fabric; mordants; TOF-SIMS; XPS; FTIR; surface techniques
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MDPI and ACS Style
Lee, J.; Kang, M.H.; Lee, K.-B.; Lee, Y. Characterization of Natural Dyes and Traditional Korean Silk Fabric by Surface Analytical Techniques. Materials 2013, 6, 2007-2025.
Lee J, Kang MH, Lee K-B, Lee Y. Characterization of Natural Dyes and Traditional Korean Silk Fabric by Surface Analytical Techniques. Materials. 2013; 6(5):2007-2025.
Lee, Jihye; Kang, Min H.; Lee, Kang-Bong; Lee, Yeonhee. 2013. "Characterization of Natural Dyes and Traditional Korean Silk Fabric by Surface Analytical Techniques." Materials 6, no. 5: 2007-2025.