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Recent Progress in Advanced Nanobiological Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications
National Institute for Nanotechnology and Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2M9, Canada
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Received: 25 September 2013; in revised form: 26 November 2013 / Accepted: 28 November 2013 / Published: 11 December 2013
Abstract: In this review, we briefly introduce our efforts to reconstruct cellular life processes by mimicking natural systems and the applications of these systems to energy and environmental problems. Functional units of in vitro cellular life processes are based on the fabrication of artificial organelles using protein-incorporated polymersomes and the creation of bioreactors. This concept of an artificial organelle originates from the first synthesis of poly(siloxane)-poly(alkyloxazoline) block copolymers three decades ago and the first demonstration of protein activity in the polymer membrane a decade ago. The increased value of biomimetic polymers results from many research efforts to find new applications such as functionally active membranes and a biochemical-producing polymersome. At the same time, foam research has advanced to the point that biomolecules can be efficiently produced in the aqueous channels of foam. Ongoing research includes replication of complex biological processes, such as an artificial Calvin cycle for application in biofuel and specialty chemical production, and carbon dioxide sequestration. We believe that the development of optimally designed biomimetic polymers and stable/biocompatible bioreactors would contribute to the realization of the benefits of biomimetic systems. Thus, this paper seeks to review previous research efforts, examine current knowledge/key technical parameters, and identify technical challenges ahead.
Keywords: cellular life process; artificial organelle; polymersome; bioreactor; foam; water purification; biofuel; carbon dioxide sequestration
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Choi, H.-J.; Montemagno, C.D. Recent Progress in Advanced Nanobiological Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications. Materials 2013, 6, 5821-5856.
Choi H-J, Montemagno CD. Recent Progress in Advanced Nanobiological Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications. Materials. 2013; 6(12):5821-5856.
Choi, Hyo-Jick; Montemagno, Carlo D. 2013. "Recent Progress in Advanced Nanobiological Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications." Materials 6, no. 12: 5821-5856.