Materials 2013, 6(11), 5077-5093; doi:10.3390/ma6115077
Article

Hydrogen Bonding-Mediated Microphase Separation during the Formation of Mesoporous Novolac-Type Phenolic Resin Templated by the Triblock Copolymer, PEO-b-PPO-b-PEO

Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Department of Materials and Optoelectronic Science, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 September 2013; in revised form: 21 October 2013 / Accepted: 4 November 2013 / Published: 7 November 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Nanoporous Materials)
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Abstract: After blending the triblock copolymer, poly(ethylene oxide-b-propylene oxide-b-ethylene oxide) (PEO-b-PPO-b-PEO) with novolac-type phenolic resin, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy revealed that the ether groups of the PEO block were stronger hydrogen bond acceptors for the OH groups of phenolic resin than were the ether groups of the PPO block. Thermal curing with hexamethylenetetramine as the curing agent resulted in the triblock copolymer being incorporated into the phenolic resin, forming a nanostructure through a mechanism involving reaction-induced microphase separation. Mild pyrolysis conditions led to the removal of the PEO-b-PPO-b-PEO triblock copolymer and formation of mesoporous phenolic resin. This approach provided a variety of composition-dependent nanostructures, including disordered wormlike, body-centered-cubic spherical and disorder micelles. The regular mesoporous novolac-type phenolic resin was formed only at a phenolic content of 40–60 wt %, the result of an intriguing balance of hydrogen bonding interactions among the phenolic resin and the PEO and PPO segments of the triblock copolymer.
Keywords: hydrogen bonding; microphase separation; triblock copolymer; mesoporous structure; phenolic resin

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chu, W.-C.; Chiang, S.-F.; Li, J.-G.; Kuo, S.-W. Hydrogen Bonding-Mediated Microphase Separation during the Formation of Mesoporous Novolac-Type Phenolic Resin Templated by the Triblock Copolymer, PEO-b-PPO-b-PEO. Materials 2013, 6, 5077-5093.

AMA Style

Chu W-C, Chiang S-F, Li J-G, Kuo S-W. Hydrogen Bonding-Mediated Microphase Separation during the Formation of Mesoporous Novolac-Type Phenolic Resin Templated by the Triblock Copolymer, PEO-b-PPO-b-PEO. Materials. 2013; 6(11):5077-5093.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chu, Wei-Cheng; Chiang, Shih-Fan; Li, Jheng-Guang; Kuo, Shiao-Wei. 2013. "Hydrogen Bonding-Mediated Microphase Separation during the Formation of Mesoporous Novolac-Type Phenolic Resin Templated by the Triblock Copolymer, PEO-b-PPO-b-PEO." Materials 6, no. 11: 5077-5093.

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