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Materials 2013, 6(10), 4847-4867; doi:10.3390/ma6104847

Shear Behavior Models of Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete Beams Modifying Softened Truss Model Approaches

1,* , 2
1 Department of Architectural Engineering, University of Seoul, 163 Seoulsiripdae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-743, Korea 2 Department of Architectural Engineering, Korea National University of Transportation, 50 Daehak-ro Chungju-si, Chngbuk 380-702, Korea 3 School of Architecture, Yeungnam University, 280 Daehak-ro, Gyeongsan-si, Gyeongbuk 712-749, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 July 2013 / Revised: 8 October 2013 / Accepted: 12 October 2013 / Published: 23 October 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Constitutive Behavior of Composite Materials)
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Recognizing that steel fibers can supplement the brittle tensile characteristics of concrete, many studies have been conducted on the shear performance of steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC) members. However, previous studies were mostly focused on the shear strength and proposed empirical shear strength equations based on their experimental results. Thus, this study attempts to estimate the strains and stresses in steel fibers by considering the detailed characteristics of steel fibers in SFRC members, from which more accurate estimation on the shear behavior and strength of SFRC members is possible, and the failure mode of steel fibers can be also identified. Four shear behavior models for SFRC members have been proposed, which have been modified from the softened truss models for reinforced concrete members, and they can estimate the contribution of steel fibers to the total shear strength of the SFRC member. The performances of all the models proposed in this study were also evaluated by a large number of test results. The contribution of steel fibers to the shear strength varied from 5% to 50% according to their amount, and the most optimized volume fraction of steel fibers was estimated as 1%–1.5%, in terms of shear performance.
Keywords: steel fiber; SFRC; shear behavior; shear strength; softened truss model steel fiber; SFRC; shear behavior; shear strength; softened truss model
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Hwang, J.-H.; Lee, D.H.; Ju, H.; Kim, K.S.; Seo, S.-Y.; Kang, J.-W. Shear Behavior Models of Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete Beams Modifying Softened Truss Model Approaches. Materials 2013, 6, 4847-4867.

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