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Materials 2013, 6(10), 4801-4816; doi:10.3390/ma6104801
Article

Ba-Doped Iron Oxide as a New Material for NO2 Detection

1
, 2
 and 2,*
Received: 23 September 2013; in revised form: 5 October 2013 / Accepted: 16 October 2013 / Published: 22 October 2013
Download PDF [1401 KB, uploaded 22 October 2013]
Abstract: Various compositions of barium-doped hematite between pure hematite (α-Fe2O3) and pure barium hexaferrite (BaFe12O19) were synthesized by solid state reaction. The XRD analyses confirmed the progressive evolution of the two crystalline phases. Tests as humidity sensors show that the electrical resistance of samples containing high proportions of hexaferrite phase is strongly influenced. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) analyses under air or argon revealed an intrinsic semiconducting behavior for hematite and samples doped with 3 and 4 wt % equivalent BaO. The samples containing higher proportions of barium exhibited an extrinsic semiconducting behavior characterized by a variation of the conductivity with the oxygen partial pressure. This study allowed us to define the percolation threshold of the barium hexaferrite crystalline phase in the hematite matrix. The value was estimated to hematite doped with 5 wt % BaO, i.e., 36 wt % of barium hexaferrite phase. EIS analyses under various NO2 partial pressures confirmed the sensitivity of these materials. The linearity of the response was particularly evident for the 5, 10 and 14 wt % samples.
Keywords: hematite; barium hexaferrite; NO2 detection; impedance measurements hematite; barium hexaferrite; NO2 detection; impedance measurements
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lopez, C.; Baroni, C.; Tulliani, J.-M. Ba-Doped Iron Oxide as a New Material for NO2 Detection. Materials 2013, 6, 4801-4816.

AMA Style

Lopez C, Baroni C, Tulliani J-M. Ba-Doped Iron Oxide as a New Material for NO2 Detection. Materials. 2013; 6(10):4801-4816.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lopez, Christian; Baroni, Chiara; Tulliani, Jean-Marc. 2013. "Ba-Doped Iron Oxide as a New Material for NO2 Detection." Materials 6, no. 10: 4801-4816.


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