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Materials 2013, 6(10), 4489-4504; doi:10.3390/ma6104489
Article

Epoxy/Polycaprolactone Systems with Triple-Shape Memory Effect: Electrospun Nanoweb with and without Graphene Versus Co-Continuous Morphology

1,* , 1
 and 1,2
Received: 31 July 2013; in revised form: 6 September 2013 / Accepted: 27 September 2013 / Published: 9 October 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smart Polymers and Polymeric Structures)
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Abstract: Triple-shape memory epoxy (EP)/polycaprolactone (PCL) systems (PCL content: 23 wt %) with different structures (PCL nanoweb embedded in EP matrix and EP/PCL with co-continuous phase structure) were produced. To set the two temporary shapes, the glass transition temperature (Tg) of the EP and the melting temperature (Tm) of PCL served during the shape memory cycle. An attempt was made to reinforce the PCL nanoweb by graphene nanoplatelets prior to infiltrating the nanoweb with EP through vacuum assisted resin transfer molding. Morphology was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy and Raman spectrometry. Triple-shape memory characteristics were determined by dynamic mechanical analysis in tension mode. Graphene was supposed to act also as spacer between the nanofibers, improving the quality of impregnation with EP. The EP phase related shape memory properties were similar for all systems, while those belonging to PCL phase depended on the structure. Shape fixity of PCL was better without than with graphene reinforcement. The best shape memory performance was shown by the EP/PCL with co-continuous structure. Based on Raman spectrometry results, the characteristic dimension of the related co-continuous network was below 900 nm.
Keywords: epoxy; polycaprolactone; nanofiber; triple-shape memory effect; graphene; electrospinning; co-continuous phase structure; nanocomposite epoxy; polycaprolactone; nanofiber; triple-shape memory effect; graphene; electrospinning; co-continuous phase structure; nanocomposite
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fejős, M.; Molnár, K.; Karger-Kocsis, J. Epoxy/Polycaprolactone Systems with Triple-Shape Memory Effect: Electrospun Nanoweb with and without Graphene Versus Co-Continuous Morphology. Materials 2013, 6, 4489-4504.

AMA Style

Fejős M, Molnár K, Karger-Kocsis J. Epoxy/Polycaprolactone Systems with Triple-Shape Memory Effect: Electrospun Nanoweb with and without Graphene Versus Co-Continuous Morphology. Materials. 2013; 6(10):4489-4504.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fejős, Márta; Molnár, Kolos; Karger-Kocsis, József. 2013. "Epoxy/Polycaprolactone Systems with Triple-Shape Memory Effect: Electrospun Nanoweb with and without Graphene Versus Co-Continuous Morphology." Materials 6, no. 10: 4489-4504.


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