Materials 2013, 6(1), 198-205; doi:10.3390/ma6010198
Article

Hardness and Elastic Modulus on Six-Fold Symmetry Gold Nanoparticles

1 Departmento de Física y Matemáticas, Instituto de Ingenieríay Tecnología, UACJ, Avenida del Charro #450 Nte. Cd. Juárez, Chihuahua, C.P. 32312, Mexico 2 Materials Research and Technology Institute, University of Texas at El Paso, 500 W. University Ave, El Paso TX 79968, USA 3 Centro de Investigación en Materiales Avanzados S.C., Laboratorio Nacional de Nanotecnología-Chihuahua Miguel de Cervantes 120, Complejo Industrial Chihuahua, Chihuahua, Apdo. Postal 31109, Mexico
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 November 2012; in revised form: 20 December 2012 / Accepted: 6 January 2013 / Published: 14 January 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metal Nanoparticles 2012)
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Abstract: The chemical synthesis of gold nanoparticles (NP) by using gold (III) chloride trihydrate (HAuCl∙3H2O) and sodium citrate as a reducing agent in aqueous conditions at 100 °C is presented here. Gold nanoparticles areformed by a galvanic replacement mechanism as described by Lee and Messiel. Morphology of gold-NP was analyzed by way of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy; results indicate a six-fold icosahedral symmetry with an average size distribution of 22 nm. In order to understand the mechanical behaviors, like hardness and elastic moduli, gold-NP were subjected to nanoindentation measurements—obtaining a hardness value of 1.72 GPa and elastic modulus of 100 GPa in a 3–5 nm of displacement at the nanoparticle’s surface.
Keywords: nanoparticles; gold; HRTEM; nanoindentation; hardness

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ramos, M.; Ortiz-Jordan, L.; Hurtado-Macias, A.; Flores, S.; Elizalde-Galindo, J.T.; Rocha, C.; Torres, B.; Zarei-Chaleshtori, M.; Chianelli, R.R. Hardness and Elastic Modulus on Six-Fold Symmetry Gold Nanoparticles. Materials 2013, 6, 198-205.

AMA Style

Ramos M, Ortiz-Jordan L, Hurtado-Macias A, Flores S, Elizalde-Galindo JT, Rocha C, Torres B, Zarei-Chaleshtori M, Chianelli RR. Hardness and Elastic Modulus on Six-Fold Symmetry Gold Nanoparticles. Materials. 2013; 6(1):198-205.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ramos, Manuel; Ortiz-Jordan, Luis; Hurtado-Macias, Abel; Flores, Sergio; Elizalde-Galindo, José T.; Rocha, Carmen; Torres, Brenda; Zarei-Chaleshtori, Maryam; Chianelli, Russell R. 2013. "Hardness and Elastic Modulus on Six-Fold Symmetry Gold Nanoparticles." Materials 6, no. 1: 198-205.

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