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Pozzolanic Activity Assessment of LUSI (LUmpur SIdoarjo) Mud in Semi High Volume Pozzolanic Mortar
Civil Engineering Department, Petra Christian University, Jalan Siwalankerto 121-131, Surabaya 60236, Indonesia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 July 2012; in revised form: 10 August 2012 / Accepted: 7 September 2012 / Published: 17 September 2012
Abstract: LUSI mud obtained from the mud volcano in Sidoarjo, Indonesia, is a viable aluminosilicate material to be utilized as pozzolanic material. LUSI is an abbreviation of the local name of the mud, i.e., Lumpur Sidoarjo, meaning Sidoarjo mud. This paper reports the results of an investigation to assess the pozzolanic activity of LUSI mud, especially in semi high volume pozzolanic mortar. In this case, the amount of mud incorporated is between 30% to 40% of total cementitious material, by mass. The content of SiO2 in the mud is about 30%, whilst the total content of SiO2, Fe2O3 and Al2O3 is more than 70%. Particle size and degree of partial cement replacement by treated LUSI mud affect the compressive strength, the strength activity index (SAI), the rate of pozzolanic activity development, and the workability of mortar incorporating LUSI mud. Manufacturing semi high volume LUSI mud mortar, up to at least 40% cement replacement, is a possibility, especially with a smaller particle size of LUSI mud, less than 63 μm. The use of a larger percentage of cement replacement by LUSI mud does not show any adverse effect on the water demand, as the flow of the fresh mortar increased with the increase of percentage of LUSI mud usage.
Keywords: LUSI mud; mud volcano; pozzolanic material; strength activity index; water demand
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MDPI and ACS Style
Hardjito, D.; Antoni; Wibowo, G.M.; Christianto, D. Pozzolanic Activity Assessment of LUSI (LUmpur SIdoarjo) Mud in Semi High Volume Pozzolanic Mortar. Materials 2012, 5, 1654-1660.
Hardjito D, Antoni, Wibowo GM, Christianto D. Pozzolanic Activity Assessment of LUSI (LUmpur SIdoarjo) Mud in Semi High Volume Pozzolanic Mortar. Materials. 2012; 5(9):1654-1660.
Hardjito, Djwantoro; Antoni; Wibowo, Gunadi M.; Christianto, Danny. 2012. "Pozzolanic Activity Assessment of LUSI (LUmpur SIdoarjo) Mud in Semi High Volume Pozzolanic Mortar." Materials 5, no. 9: 1654-1660.