Next Article in Journal
Carbon Nanotubes: Solution for the Therapeutic Delivery of siRNA?
Previous Article in Journal
Molecular Beam-Thermal Desorption Spectrometry (MB-TDS) Monitoring of Hydrogen Desorbed from Storage Fuel Cell Anodes
Materials 2012, 5(2), 258-277; doi:10.3390/ma5020258
Review

Ceramic Laser Materials

1,* , 1,* , 1
, 1
, 1
, 1
, 2
 and 2
Received: 26 December 2011; Accepted: 1 February 2012 / Published: 9 February 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Materials)
Download PDF [3948 KB, updated 10 February 2012; original version uploaded 9 February 2012]
Abstract: Ceramic laser materials have come a long way since the first demonstration of lasing in 1964. Improvements in powder synthesis and ceramic sintering as well as novel ideas have led to notable achievements. These include the first Nd:yttrium aluminum garnet (YAG) ceramic laser in 1995, breaking the 1 KW mark in 2002 and then the remarkable demonstration of more than 100 KW output power from a YAG ceramic laser system in 2009. Additional developments have included highly doped microchip lasers, ultrashort pulse lasers, novel materials such as sesquioxides, fluoride ceramic lasers, selenide ceramic lasers in the 2 to 3 μm region, composite ceramic lasers for better thermal management, and single crystal lasers derived from polycrystalline ceramics. This paper highlights some of these notable achievements.
Keywords: ceramics; laser materials; 100 KW; microchip lasers; ultrashort pulse; ceramic composites; non-oxide ceramics ceramics; laser materials; 100 KW; microchip lasers; ultrashort pulse; ceramic composites; non-oxide ceramics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Sanghera, J.; Kim, W.; Villalobos, G.; Shaw, B.; Baker, C.; Frantz, J.; Sadowski, B.; Aggarwal, I. Ceramic Laser Materials. Materials 2012, 5, 258-277.

AMA Style

Sanghera J, Kim W, Villalobos G, Shaw B, Baker C, Frantz J, Sadowski B, Aggarwal I. Ceramic Laser Materials. Materials. 2012; 5(2):258-277.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sanghera, Jasbinder; Kim, Woohong; Villalobos, Guillermo; Shaw, Brandon; Baker, Colin; Frantz, Jesse; Sadowski, Bryan; Aggarwal, Ishwar. 2012. "Ceramic Laser Materials." Materials 5, no. 2: 258-277.


Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert