Abstract: The nature, properties and relative concentrations of electronic defects were investigated by Thermoluminescence (TL) in Lu2(1-x)Y2xSiO5 (LYSO) single crystals. Ce and Tb-doped single crystals, grown by the Czochralski technique (CZ), revealed similar traps in TL. LYSO:Ce single crystals were grown by the Floating-Zone technique (FZ) with increasing oxygen concentration in the growth atmosphere. TL intensity is strongly dependent on the oxygen content of the material, and oxygen vacancies are proven to be the main electronic defects in LYSO. The effects of oxidizing and reducing annealing post-treatment on these defects were investigated. While oxidizing treatments efficiently reduce the amount of electronic defects, reducing treatments increase the amount of existing traps. In a thermally assisted tunneling mechanism, the localization of oxygen vacancies around the dopant is discussed. They are shown to be in the close vicinity of the dopant, though not in first neighbor positions.
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Blahuta, S.; Bessière, A.; Viana, B.; Ouspenski, V.; Mattmann, E.; Lejay, J.; Gourier, D. Defects Identification and Effects of Annealing on Lu2(1-x)Y2xSiO5 (LYSO) Single Crystals for Scintillation Application. Materials 2011, 4, 1224-1237.
Blahuta S, Bessière A, Viana B, Ouspenski V, Mattmann E, Lejay J, Gourier D. Defects Identification and Effects of Annealing on Lu2(1-x)Y2xSiO5 (LYSO) Single Crystals for Scintillation Application. Materials. 2011; 4(7):1224-1237.
Blahuta, Samuel; Bessière, Aurélie; Viana, Bruno; Ouspenski, Vladimir; Mattmann, Eric; Lejay, Julien; Gourier, Didier. 2011. "Defects Identification and Effects of Annealing on Lu2(1-x)Y2xSiO5 (LYSO) Single Crystals for Scintillation Application." Materials 4, no. 7: 1224-1237.