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Materials 2011, 4(7), 1260-1270; doi:10.3390/ma4071260

Study of the Distribution of Radiative Defects and Reabsorption of the UV in ZnO Nanorods-Organic Hybrid White Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs)

Department of Science and Technology, Campus Norrköping, Linköping University, SE-60174 Norrköping, Sweden
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 June 2011 / Revised: 28 June 2011 / Accepted: 4 July 2011 / Published: 8 July 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Luminescent Materials 2011)
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In this study, the low temperature aqueous chemical growth (ACG) method was employed to synthesized ZnO nanorods to process-organic hybrid white light emitting diodes (LEDs) on glass substrate. Electroluminescence spectra of the hybrid white LEDs demonstrate the combination of emission bands arising from radiative recombination of the organic and ZnO nanorods (NRs). Depth resolved luminescence was used for probing the nature and spatial distribution of radiative defects, especially to study the re-absorption of ultraviolet (UV) in this hybrid white LEDs structure. At room temperature the cathodoluminescence (CL) spectra intensity of the deep band emission (DBE) is increased with the increase of the electron beam penetration depth due to the increase of defect concentration at the ZnO NRs/Polyfluorene (PFO) interface and probably due to internal absorption of the UV. A strong dependency between the intensity ratio of the UV to the DBE bands and the spatial distribution of the radiative defects in ZnO NRs has been found. The comparison of the CL spectra from the PFO and the ZnO NRs demonstrate that PFO has a very weak violet-blue emission band, which confirms that most of the white emission components originate from the ZnO NRs.
Keywords: ZnO nanorods; cathodoluminescence; LEDs ZnO nanorods; cathodoluminescence; LEDs
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Hussain, I.; Bano, N.; Hussain, S.; Soomro, Y.; Nur, O.; Willander, M. Study of the Distribution of Radiative Defects and Reabsorption of the UV in ZnO Nanorods-Organic Hybrid White Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs). Materials 2011, 4, 1260-1270.

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