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Materials 2011, 4(6), 980-990; doi:10.3390/ma4060980
Article

Luminescent Afterglow Behavior in the M2Si5N8: Eu Family (M = Ca, Sr, Ba)

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Received: 31 March 2011; in revised form: 18 May 2011 / Accepted: 26 May 2011 / Published: 27 May 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Luminescent Materials 2011)
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Abstract: Persistent luminescent materials are able to emit light for hours after being excited. The majority of persistent phosphors emit in the blue or green region of the visible spectrum. Orange- or red-emitting phosphors, strongly desired for emergency signage and medical imaging, are scarce. We prepared the nitrido-silicates Ca2Si5N8:Eu (orange), Sr2Si5N8:Eu (reddish), Ba2Si5N8:Eu (yellowish orange), and their rare-earth codoped variants (R = Nd, Dy, Sm, Tm) through a solid state reaction, and investigated their luminescence and afterglow properties. In this paper, we describe how the persistent luminescence is affected by the type of codopant and the choice and ratio of the starting products. All the materials exhibit some form of persistent luminescence, but for Sr2Si5N8:Eu,R this is very weak. In Ba2Si5N8:Eu the afterglow remains visible for about 400 s, and Ca2Si5N8:Eu,Tm shows the brightest and longest afterglow, lasting about 2,500 s. For optimal persistent luminescence, the dopant and codopant should be added in their fluoride form, in concentrations below 1 mol%. A Ca3N2 deficiency of about 5% triples the afterglow intensity. Our results show that Ba2Si5N8:Eu(,R) and Ca2Si5N8:Eu(,R) are promising persistent phosphors for applications requiring orange or red light.
Keywords: persistent luminescence; afterglow; nitrido-silicates; europium; rare earths; thermoluminescence persistent luminescence; afterglow; nitrido-silicates; europium; rare earths; thermoluminescence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Van den Eeckhout, K.; Smet, P.F.; Poelman, D. Luminescent Afterglow Behavior in the M2Si5N8: Eu Family (M = Ca, Sr, Ba). Materials 2011, 4, 980-990.

AMA Style

Van den Eeckhout K, Smet PF, Poelman D. Luminescent Afterglow Behavior in the M2Si5N8: Eu Family (M = Ca, Sr, Ba). Materials. 2011; 4(6):980-990.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Van den Eeckhout, Koen; Smet, Philippe F.; Poelman, Dirk. 2011. "Luminescent Afterglow Behavior in the M2Si5N8: Eu Family (M = Ca, Sr, Ba)." Materials 4, no. 6: 980-990.


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